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Topic 1: Daily Life in Roman Society
1.1 Plan of a Roman House
5 5 2 2
atrium peristylium
vestibulum 1 3
4
5 5 6 7 6 8
Drawing: J. Barnett (Adapted from www.vroma.org)
1. impluvium pool for rain water
2. triclinium dining room
3. tablinum study
4. lararium shrine of the household gods
5. cubiculum bedroom
6. culina kitchen
7. latrina lavatory
8. exedra garden room
1.2 View of the atrium of the House of the Menander, Pompeii
© A.…read more

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View of a garden from Herculaneum
© M. Thorpe
1.4 Fountain in the Street of the Shops, Pompeii
© A. Carter
Public fountains like this one stood at many street corners. This is where most
people drew their water, but richer citizens paid a tax so that they could have
water piped directly into their homes.…read more

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The Forum, Pompeii
1.5.1 Ground plan of the forum
2 1. Temple of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva
N 2. Food Market
1 3. Temple of the Lares of Pompeii
4. Temple of the Emperors
5. Eumachia's Clothworkers' Guildhall
6. Polling station
7. Municipal offices
10 3 8. Basilica
9. Temple of Apollo
4
10. Table of weights and measures
9
1.5.…read more

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View of a thermopolium or snack bar in the Street of the
Shops, Pompeii.
© M. Thorpe
1.8 Plan of the Forum Baths, Pompeii
entrance Men's Baths
1. apodyterium
11 palaestra 2. frigidarium
3. tepidarium
11 4. caldarium
5. furnace
10
Women's Baths
2 6. frigidarium
7. apodyterium
4 8 8. tepidarium
11 5 9. caldarium
1 3
11 7 10. open-air courtyard
11. shop
9 6
11 11 11 11
men's entrance women's entrance
Drawing: J Barnett
(Adapted from www.thecolefamily.…read more

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Cross-section of the hypocaust in the Stabian Baths,
Pompeii.
1. brick pile
2. flue in side walls
3. floor
2
1
3
Drawing: J Barnett
(Adapted from www.vroma.org)
The floor was suspended on brick piles, so that hot air could circulate beneath
and warm both the room and the tank of water for bathing.
1.10 The hot tub in the caldarium of the Women's Forum Baths,
Herculaneum.
© A. Carter
There is a grooved ceiling to channel the condensation.…read more

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The apodyterium (changing-room) in the women's section of
the Stabian Baths at Pompeii.
Candidates should consult a photograph of an apodyterium
(changing room) similar to that printed in Cambridge Latin Course:
Book 1, Stage 9, p. 123.
1.12 The palaestra of the Stabian Baths at Pompeii.
© M. Thorpe
1.13 Life over the baths
Here I am with a babble of noise all around me. I live over a set of baths ...…read more

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Roman Latrines (at Dougga, Tunisia.)
© M. Thorpe
The stone seats were over a channel of flowing water. The narrow channel in
front of the seats was for washing sponges.
1.15 Graffiti
Many of the graffiti found at Pompeii refer to the elections held there in 79AD.
Here are some examples:
1.15.1 Marcum Holconium duovirum iure dicundo dignum re publica oramus vos
faciatis.
We beg you to make Marcus Holconius duovir for administering justice; he
is worthy of public office.
1.15.2 L.CEIUM SECUNDUM AED.…read more

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Graffiti also give details of gladiatorial fights including the programme and
results.
1.15.3 A Thracian versus a murmillo.
Victor: Pugnax from Nero's school: 3 times a winner.
Perished: Murranus from Nero's school: 3 times a winner.
1.15.4 OCEANUS Libertus XIII Vicit
Oceanus freedman 13 times a winner
ARACINTUS Libertus...IIII periit
Aracintus freedman: 4(?) times a winner perished.
Translations: M. Thorpe
1.…read more

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