Language Change Revision

Etymology
Origin of words
1 of 32
Orthography
The appearance of words (shape, etc)
2 of 32
Standardisation
Process of language being fixed
3 of 32
Prescriptivism
The argument that language should be fixed and rules shouldn't change
4 of 32
Caxton's Printing Press
1467
5 of 32
Impact of Caxton's Printing Press
Language beforehand had been written according to dialect, used words from cambridge/london
6 of 32
Johnson's Dictionary
1755
7 of 32
Flaws of Johnson's Dictionary
Impractical, huge, inconsistent
8 of 32
Oxford Dictionary
1888
9 of 32
Robert Lowth
A short introduction to grammar
10 of 32
Thomas Wilson
1533 'The arte of retorique' (inkhorn terms)
11 of 32
Inkhorn Terms
Words taken from other languages e.g chandelier,
12 of 32
Samuel Daniel
1599, English language should be fixed
13 of 32
Thomas Nash
1593, monosyllabic Anglo-Saxon language not good enough for English Language
14 of 32
Compounding
Merging 2 words to make a new one e.g user-friendly, blackbird
15 of 32
Clipping
Shortened terms became the norm e.g gym, ex
16 of 32
Blending
Clipping and compounding together e.g moped newscast
17 of 32
Acronyms
First letters taken and made into a new (said) word e.g AWOL LOL
18 of 32
Initialisms
Pronounced as initials e.g CD DVD
19 of 32
Affixiations
Free morphemes combined with bound morphemes e.g disinterest uncomfortable
20 of 32
Conversion/function shift
One word class to the other e.g google, text
21 of 32
Eponym
Name of person defines object e.g Hoover
22 of 32
Back formation
Verbs created from existing noun by removing suffix e.g liase, locate
23 of 32
Amelioration
Semantic change to positive meaning
24 of 32
Pejoration
Semantic change to negative meaning
25 of 32
Weakening
Semantic change to weaker meaning
26 of 32
Strengthening
Semantic change to stronger meaning
27 of 32
Broadening
Semantic change to wider meaning
28 of 32
Narrowing
Semantic change to narrower meaning
29 of 32
Neosemy
New meaning for the same word
30 of 32
Figurative Expressions
Dead metaphors, cliche, euphemism (disphemism), metonymy (suit for business executive, etc)
31 of 32
Picmatic Language
North Eastern dialect
32 of 32

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The appearance of words (shape, etc)

Back

Orthography

Card 3

Front

Process of language being fixed

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The argument that language should be fixed and rules shouldn't change

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1467

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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