Language Change revision posters

Very colourful as I learn from presentation and i'm sure other people do too! Took me a long time these are very detailed in mind map style, i hope they are useful  :)

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 27-03-12 08:46
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SEMANTIC SHIFTS occur when words expand and contract then settle for meanings very different from the original. Causes:
Political correctness ­ seeks to redress some linguistic bias
Over time old meanings become forgotten
In response to new context for a word eg technology.
As current slang where a particular social group takes ownership of an existing word and changes it to suit. EG Sick
Idiom
Metaphorical changes
Meiosis
Pejoration
Metaphor
Euphemism
Amelioration
SEMANTIC CHANGE

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Weakening
Broadening
Synecdoche
Narrowing
In addition to creating new words, language users recycle words and change their meaning. Semantic change, or DRIFT, results.
MEDIA, FASHION AND SOCIETY
TECHNOLOGY
PHISHING, for example, is a neologism resulting from technology it has a metaphorical extension relating the activity of fishing to the hope of catching or baiting and unsuspected victim.…read more

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MUSIC AND CULTURE
Linking contextual influences to language change explains many coinages or changes in sematic. These recent words show semantic shift.…read more

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The peculiarities of English spelling were because: Words had to be clear to read. EG wonder has an "o" because wUnder has too many loops. Writing
had to fit on a page so extra letters were added or omitted at random, especially "e" or double letters. When CAXTON introduced the printing press in 1476 he influenced the spelling system by borrowing Dutch spellings
in his training in Holland ­ eg ghost.…read more

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Historical influences have contributed to English language and therefore given us a mixture of spelling traditions.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, European scholars became interested in the ideas of ancient Greeks and Romans so many new words came into English. One Latin word has given a number of related English words. If we are aware
of the family to which the word belongs, it helps with spelling.
E.g SCIENCE = KNOWLEDGE Related words: conscience, conscious, prescient
ORTHOGRAPHICAL CHANGE
3.WRITING & PRINTING
5.…read more

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