Kidney Physiology

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1. Kidneys need to maintain extracellular homeostasis and also maintain blood pressure, therefore __________ is tightly regulated

  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Fennestration rate
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2. Glomerular filtration occurs when _______ forces fluids and solutes through a membrane

  • Hydrostatic pressuse
  • Chemotactic factors

3. Antidiuretic hormone inserts aquaporins into the collecting duct, when overhydrated, ADH is decreased and therefore the collecting ducts are impermeable to water, thus _________

  • Less water reabsorbed
  • More water reabsorbed

4. Maintaining extracellular homeostasis and blood pressure requires intrinsic (renal autoregulation) controls and extrinsic (nervous and endocrine) system

  • True
  • False

5. The _________ is directly proportional to each of the following factors: net filtration rate, total surface area for filtration, filtration membrane permeability

  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Hydrostatic pressure

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