Kant and Morality

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What was the main idea of Kant's Categorical Imperative?
"Duty"
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What is Epistemology?
The Study of Knowledge
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Is Kant concerned with action, intention or both?
Both
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What is Kant's argument about us and morality?
Morality is inside us, it's not just "out there"
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What are the four features of Kant and his argument for morallity?
Good Will, Free Will, Categorical Imperative, 3 Maxims
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What does the hypothetical imperative argue? (If you/should)
If you...then you should
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What two things does the first maxim argue for?
Universability, You should only do something if you would be prepared for someone else to do it.
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What one thing does the second maxim argue?
You have a duty not to use people for your own ends e.g. waitress
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What does the third maxim conclude?
Every rational being must so act as if he were - through his maxim - always a legislating member in the universal kingdom of ends
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What is summum bonum?
The supreme good which we achieve through moral acts
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What are the disadvantages of Kant's Deontology?
Difficult to universalise, Difficult to ignore the consequences of our actions, difficult not to be swayed by emotions, impractical
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What are the strengths of Kant's Deontology?
Easier to consider daily duties and carry them out, respectful towards how people are treated, intrinsically good, consistent
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What did W.D Ross' opposing argument suggest? (opposition to Kant)
Inutitionism - Someone's first reaction to a stimulus is how they should act and make decisions.
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Accirding to Ross, what are the three most important duties towards eachother?
Beneficence, Self Improvement, Treating others justly
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What were Ross' duties more commonly known as? (PFD)
Prima Facie Duties
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What is the definition of Prima Facie?
"At first appearance"
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What are the Prima Facie duties?
Keep promises made, Tell the truth, be fair, do good, conpensate others for injury, gratitude, self improvement
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What does Ross say to do when there are conflicting Prima Facie duties?
You must mediate the situation and weigh out the duties to see which is weightiest and this one will be your obligation.
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Card 2

Front

What is Epistemology?

Back

The Study of Knowledge

Card 3

Front

Is Kant concerned with action, intention or both?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Kant's argument about us and morality?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the four features of Kant and his argument for morallity?

Back

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