human geography key words/phrases

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  • Created by: Kelleigh
  • Created on: 09-06-13 16:13
annual population growth rate
the rate at which a population is increasing owing to natural increase and migration
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census
a questionnaire every 10 years to find out the population characteristics of a country
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birth rate
the number of live births per 1000 population, per year
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death rate
the number of deaths per 1000 population, per year
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demographic transition model
a model showing the stages of growth of a country's population
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density
the number of people per unit area
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infant mortality rate
the number of deaths per 1000 children under 1 year old in a country per year
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life expectancy
the average number of years a person is expected to live
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migration
the movement of people
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natural increase
the increase (or decrease) in a population found by the birth rate and normally expressed as a percentage
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population policies
plans and laws passed by governments to help either to increase or decrease a country's population
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population pyramid
a graph to show the population structure or age-sex composition
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population structure
the age and sex composition of a country, region or city
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pull factors
factors which attract a person to a place
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push factors
factors which force a person away from a place
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refugee
a person forced to move from one country to another, often as a result of war or famine
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sparse
not crowded, empty
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immigration
the movement of people into a country
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emigration
the movement of people out of a country
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Immigrant
a person who is coming into a new country
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emigrant
a person who is leaving their country
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desertification
destroying the vegetation and soils on land so that nothing else will grow there and the crops and plants die. This is often done when humans farm land too intensively
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overgrazing
too many animals eating the grass on one small area, so that the vegetation cannot grow back quickly enough
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a questionnaire every 10 years to find out the population characteristics of a country

Back

census

Card 3

Front

the number of live births per 1000 population, per year

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the number of deaths per 1000 population, per year

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a model showing the stages of growth of a country's population

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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