How was the Bolshevik state consolidated?

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1921 - the NEP
this stabilised the economy, reduced fear of famine, and came at a time where support for the party was at an all time low because of war communism
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Class Warfare
this was encouraged by Lenin to terrorise the middle-class into submission
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the Cheka
they found an arrested anybody who opposed the October Revolution, the estimated death toll at the hands of the Cheka is 300,000
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the execution of the Tsar and his family
removes one former leader that a rivalry group dissatisfied with Lenin's regime could rally behind
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the Kadets were denounced and outlawed, they were followed into prison by the SRs and the Mensheviks
removes any other rivalry groups that people could rally behind
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Censorship
removes the spread of ideas
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victory in the Civil War
removes the immediate threat to power, forces the Red Army into transforming into a powerful and threatening unit, retains power to 1921
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1921 - ban on factions within the Bolshevik party
once policy had been agreed on by the C.C everybody had to accept it, removes any threats coming from within the party
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1919 - the formation of the Politburo
created an inner-ruling group at the top of the party which took precedence over the Sovnarkom that became regarded as less important
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from 1919 onwards the C.C of the party began to appoint its own nominees in key positions of soviets over elected members
established a one-party control
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Card 2

Front

Class Warfare

Back

this was encouraged by Lenin to terrorise the middle-class into submission

Card 3

Front

the Cheka

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

the execution of the Tsar and his family

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

the Kadets were denounced and outlawed, they were followed into prison by the SRs and the Mensheviks

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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