How Effective Were the Liberals' Social Reforms?

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What did the Liberals hope to achieve? (5 points)
Education/ Public transport/ Minimum wage/ Healthcare/ Better minimum standard of living/ Maximum working day/ Gas/ Water/ Help all (no discrimination)/ Eliminate the gap between the classes.
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How were children helped before the reforms?
No real system - Some charities helped poor families with children, orphans were looked after in the workhouses.
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What measures were taken by the Liberals to tackle the problem? (Group - Children)
In 1906 an act was passed that said local authorities MAY provide free school meals. In 1907 every local authority had to set up a school medical service. In 1908 an act was passed which gave children special status as protected persons.
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What were the limitations/problems of the reforms? (Group - Children)
Only half of Britains local authorities actually set up a meal service (as it was not compulsory) and the medical care varied across the country.
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How were the old helped before Liberal reforms?
Charities, family and the workhouse.
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What measures were taken by the Liberals to tackle the problem? (Group - Old)
In 1908 Lloyd George introduced old-age pension. A person over 70yrs old with no other income received 5s a week. Married couples received 7s 6d. British citizens who had been living in Britain for the last 20 yrs could receive a state pension.
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What were the limitations/problems of the reforms? (Group - Old)
Only people of 70yrs old could receive pensions (it was uncommon for people to live to this age anyway)
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How were the sick helped before Liberal reforms?
Charities, family and the workhouse.
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What were the measures taken by the Liberals to tackle the problem? (Group - The Sick)
Sick pay (1st part of the National Insurance act 1911) dealt with health insurance. Men and women earning under £160 had to join. They had to pay 4d out of each weeks wages in return for 26 weeks sick pay.
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What were the limitations/problems of the reforms? (Group - The Sick)
Families of workers could not get free treate
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What were the limitations/problems of the reforms? (Group - The Sick)
Families of workers could not get free treatment. Widows did not receive full pensions.
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How were the unemployed or underemployed helped before the Liberal reforms?
Outdoor Relief, voluntary labour exchanges.
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What measures were taken by the Liberals to tackle the problem? (Group - Unemployed or underemployed)
In 1909 the government set up its own labour exchanges, 3000 people were put into jobs every working day. The 2nd part of the National Insurance act dealt with unemployment. A worker received 7s a week for 15 weeks.
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What were the limitations/problems of the reforms? (Group - Unemployed/underemployed)
It wasn't much money and wasn't enough to support a working man and his family.
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What act was passed in 1906?
Free school meals.
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What did the free school meals act involve?
Local councils could give free school meals to poor children, the meals were paid for by local taxes on property. By 1914, over 150,000 children were having a daily free school meal every day.
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In 1914, what did the government make compulsory?
Free school meals.
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What act was passed in 1907?
School medical inspections.
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What did the school medical inspections act involve?
Doctors and nurses went into schools to provide free compulsory medical checks for children. They could recommend any treatment that was necessary.
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Who paid for the medical inspections act treatment?
The parents (until 1912).
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When was the Education act passed?
1907
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What did the education act involve?
It introduced scholarships for poor children, secondary schools that received money from the local government had to reserve 25% for children from elementary schools. Children were chosen for scholarships through an examination.
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What act regarding children was passed in 1908?
The Children's act.
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What were the main points that the Children's act involved?
It was illegal for parents to neglect their children. Poor law authorities were responsible for visiting and supervising children who had suffered neglect. Children homes had to be registered and inspected. Cigarettes or alcohol was for 16yrs+ only.
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When was the old age pensions act passed?
1908
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What was involved in the old age pensions act?
The government gave 5s a week to single people over 70, 7s 6d to married couples. For British citizens who had lived there for +20yrs. Not for anyone who had been in prison during the 10 years before claiming their pension.
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What act was passed in 1909?
Labour exchanges act.
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What was involved in the labour exchanges act?
Set up a national string of state labour exchanges. Meant that the unemployed could go to an exchange to look for a job. By 1913 there were 430 exchanges in Britain.
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When was the first part of the National Insurance Act passed?
1911.
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When was the second part of the National Insurance Act passed?
1912.
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What was the main reason behind the first National Insurance Act being made?
To prevent poverty arising from illness by using an insurance scheme.
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What was involved in the first National Insurance Act?
All manual workers and people in low paid jobs had to join. workers paid 4d for insurance stamps that were stuck on a card. Workers in the scheme had free medical care.
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What happened if a worker in the first National Insurance scheme fell ill?
They got sick pay of 10s per week for 13 weeks, then 5s per week for a further 13 weeks in the year.
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How much did employers pay into the first half of the National Insurance scheme?
3d per worker in the scheme.
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How much did the government pay into the first half of the National Insurance Scheme?
2d per worker in the scheme.
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Why was there a second National Insurance Act passed?
Although there were 10 million men and 4 million women covered by the National insurance scheme, a second act was necessary to deal with the workers who found themselves periodically out of work.
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What was involved in the second National Insurance Act?
The scheme was open to those in industries where there was seasonal employment (eg shipbuilding). When unemployed, workers could be paid 7s 6d a week for up to 15 weeks in any one year.
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How much did workers, employers and the government pay?
All paid 2d per week for insurance stamps.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How were children helped before the reforms?

Back

No real system - Some charities helped poor families with children, orphans were looked after in the workhouses.

Card 3

Front

What measures were taken by the Liberals to tackle the problem? (Group - Children)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the limitations/problems of the reforms? (Group - Children)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How were the old helped before Liberal reforms?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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