History Medicine

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  • Created by: T Colby
  • Created on: 31-05-15 17:10
What was the life expectancy in the 1350s?
30 years
1 of 100
Name two agricultural animals kept indoors with homeowners which increased disease.
Cows and pigs
2 of 100
What are the Four Humours?
Blood, phlegm, yellow bile (vomit) and black bile (blood in vomit)
3 of 100
State the humour. Spring and air.
Blood
4 of 100
State the humour. Winter and water.
Phlegm
5 of 100
State the humour. Summer and fire
Yellow bile
6 of 100
State the humour. Autumn and earth
Black bile
7 of 100
Name a Greek physician in the Roman Empire who used and 'perfected' the Four Humours.
Galen
8 of 100
What Greek devised the theory of the Four Humours.
Hippocrates
9 of 100
Give two ways to balance the Four Humours.
Purging and bloodlletting
10 of 100
What was the ancient title for doctor?
Physician
11 of 100
In what year was the Bubonic Plague/Black Death?
1348
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What caused the Black Death?
Fleas in rats that would spread disease when biting humans.
13 of 100
What is the name of the idea that bad air causes disease?
Miasma Theory
14 of 100
Name a food used to cool people down if they had a temperature.
Cucumber
15 of 100
State 6 techniques/people/organisations that dealt with the sick in the Middle Ages.
Trained physician, apothecary, barber-surgeon, hospital, housewife-physician and prayer and pilgrimage.
16 of 100
Who ran hospitals in the Middle Ages?
Monks and nuns
17 of 100
What idea did the trained physician base their treatment on?
Four Humours
18 of 100
What was the main difference between trained physicians and the apothecary?
Physicians were trained and had qualifications due to passing exams, the apothecary was trained but not qualified.
19 of 100
What did the barber-surgeon practice lots of in his work?
Bloodletting
20 of 100
What were used as remedies to cure diseases?
Herbs
21 of 100
Where was the first medical school and in what century was it founded?
Salerno in the 12th century
22 of 100
In what year was the Royal Society set up?
1660
23 of 100
What book did Andreas Vesalius publish which gave detail to the human anatomy?
The Fabric of the Human Body
24 of 100
In what year did Andreas Vesalius publish his book?
1543
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Where was Andreas Vesalius Professor of Surgery?
University of Padua in Italy
26 of 100
True or false. Vesalius proved lots of Galen's ideas about the human anatomy to be wrong.
True
27 of 100
Give an example of Vesalius proving Galen wrong on the human anatomy.
Galen said the human jaw was made of two bones, Vesalius proved it was made of one.
28 of 100
In what country was the printing press invented and in what century?
Germany in the mid-15th century
29 of 100
Name another person who proved Galen to be wrong.
William Harvey
30 of 100
Give an example of how Harvey proved Galen wrong.
Galen said the body constantly manufactured blood and that it was used up as it travelled around the body, Harvey proved this to be wrong.
31 of 100
What book did Harvey publish in 1628 which explained how the heart works as a pump circulating blood around the body.
An Anatomical Account of the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
32 of 100
Who developed a better lense for microscopes which discovered bacteria?
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
33 of 100
In what year did Leeuwenhoek develop the better lense?
1673
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What name did Leeuwenhoek give to bacteria in a letter to the Royal Society?
Animalcules
35 of 100
What happened in London in 1665?
Plague epidemic
36 of 100
True or false. Some thought that the King's touch would relieve them of tuberculosis.
True
37 of 100
What is the shorter known name for tuberculosis?
TB
38 of 100
What were women taught compared to medicine?
How to run a home
39 of 100
In what year did Edward Jenner test his vaccination for smallpox?
1796
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In what year was the first population census in Britain?
1801
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In what year did cholera first arrive in Britain?
1831
42 of 100
In what year was the General Medical Act passed?
1858
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In what year did Florence Nightingale publish her notes on nursing?
1860
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In what year did Louis Pasteur publish his Germ Theory?
1861
45 of 100
In what year did Elizabeth Garrett Anderson qualify as a doctor?
1865
46 of 100
State another theory alongside Miasma that supposedely caused disease in the Renaissance?
Spontaneous Generation
47 of 100
What is the same as inoculation?
Vaccination
48 of 100
Who gave the name vaccination to vaccinations?
Edward Jenner
49 of 100
How much money was Jenner rewarded by the British government for his work on vaccinations?
£30,000
50 of 100
In what year did the government make it the law to be vaccinated against diseases?
1852
51 of 100
True or false. Bloodletting and purging were still used as a means of treatment in the Middle Ages.
True
52 of 100
True or false. Criminals were used to carry out dissections in the Renaissance.
True
53 of 100
What theory did Florence Nightingale believe in?
Miasma
54 of 100
What war did Nightingale work in?
Crimean War
55 of 100
In what year and where did the first cottage hospital open?
1859 and Sussex
56 of 100
When did the Great Ormond Street Hospital open?
1852
57 of 100
What does MMR stand for?
Mumps, measles and rubella
58 of 100
What was the first magic bullet called?
Salvarsan 606
59 of 100
What was the second magic bullet called?
Prontosil
60 of 100
Who accidently developed penicillin in 1928?
Alexander Fleming
61 of 100
What does GP stand for?
General practitioner
62 of 100
Name three types of medical staff that can carry out operations.
Doctors, GPs and consultants.
63 of 100
How were many hospitals funded in 1900?
Charity
64 of 100
Who organised the Rose Day which raised money for hospitals?
Queen Alexandra
65 of 100
How much money did the first Rose Day accumulate for hospitals?
£2 million
66 of 100
Why did the British government play a greater role in public health at the turn of the 20th century?
Needed its army/volunteers to be fit for wars to protect and expand the British Empire
67 of 100
Who led the Liberals to victory in the 1905 general election?
David Lloyd George
68 of 100
In what year was the Ministry of Health set up?
1919
69 of 100
In what year did women get the vote in Britain?
1918
70 of 100
True or false. Coca-Cola was originally developed for medical purposes.
True
71 of 100
What report in 1942 suggested a National Health Service (NHS) should be set up?
Beveridge Report
72 of 100
In what year was the NHS set up?
1948
73 of 100
Who was the Minister of Health when the NHS was set up?
Aneurin Bevan
74 of 100
Who and why in the medical world opposed Bevan?
Doctors as they feared they'd lose private fees.
75 of 100
How was/is the NHS paid for?
Taxes
76 of 100
Who discovered the structure of DNA in 1953?
Francis Crick and James Watson
77 of 100
In what year was the Human Genome Project started?
1990
78 of 100
When was the first draft of the Human Genome Project completed?
2000
79 of 100
When and who discovered the four different blood groups?
Karl Landsteiner in 1901
80 of 100
When did the Romans conquer Britain?
43CE
81 of 100
State three ways that the Romans improved public health in Britain.
Aqueducts, sewers and public baths
82 of 100
When did the Romans leave Britain?
410CE
83 of 100
Why could the Romans communicate their ideas effectively?
Roads
84 of 100
Where could the rich be treated by physicians?
At home
85 of 100
Where was the main centre for medical training and why?
Alexandria in Egypt as dissections could take place.
86 of 100
True or false. Many Roman treatemens linked to the Four Humours were based around changing a persons lifestyle.
True
87 of 100
Who treated people in Britain before the Romans arrived.
Druid priests
88 of 100
How were beds positioned in Middle Age hospitals?
Towards religious relics
89 of 100
Who left money at their death for the improvement of public health?
Dick Whittington (Mayor of London)
90 of 100
What were people with leprosy known as?
Lepers
91 of 100
What were public baths also known as?
Stewes
92 of 100
Who suggested building an artificial river from Hertfordshire to London and when, and when was it finished?
Edmund Colthurst in 1602 and finished in 1613
93 of 100
What was London's approximate population in the Renaissance?
100,000
94 of 100
In times of epidemics what was burnt in the streets?
Barrels of tar to purify the air
95 of 100
True or false. Dogs and cats were killed to stop the spreading of the plague.
True
96 of 100
Who devises the idea to build the London sewage system?
Joseph Bazalgette
97 of 100
Who suggested that taxes should be used to improve public health?
Edwin Chadwick
98 of 100
What allowed Bazalgette's idea of a London sewage system to go ahead?
The Great Stink of 1858
99 of 100
When was the Old Age Pensions Act passed?
1908
100 of 100

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name two agricultural animals kept indoors with homeowners which increased disease.

Back

Cows and pigs

Card 3

Front

What are the Four Humours?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

State the humour. Spring and air.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

State the humour. Winter and water.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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