History revision (paper two)

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What was set up to investigate poverty? And who was it set up by?
A royal commission was set up. It was created by the Conservatives.
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When did the Liberal party win a significant election over the Conservatives?
1906.
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Why did the Liberal party win?
Due to their proposals to deal with the poor.
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What does New Liberalism mean?
Government intervention to help the poor.
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What act was invented in 1906 for children? Who invented this act?
The school meals act was made to provide free school meals which was paid for through rates (local council tax). It was invented by the Liberals in order to help the poor.
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What soon followed the School meals act in 1907?
The LEA's provided free medical inspections for school children. Children who were very poor received free health treatment as well.
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What did Parliament pass in 1908?
The Children and Young Person's Act (aka Children's charter).
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What did this act do?
It prevented children from entering pubs, begging, buying alcohol and cigarettes under the age of 16.
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How were young offenders helped?
Borstals were set up (prisons for young offenders). A probation service was also set up to prevent young people from reoffending.
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What did David Lloyd George introduce in 1908?
The old age pensioners act.
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Who did this act apply to?
People over 70 on low incomes.
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Why was it successful?
It was non-contributory (people didn't have to pay money in to get money back out).
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How was it funded and how much was set aside?
It was funded through ordinary taxes. £1,200,000 was set aside to pay for these pensions.
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Who opposed this scheme?
Labour, they said people were being paid too little.
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What significant act was set up in 1911?
The national insurance act.
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What were the two parts of it?
Part one helped with health insurance while part two set up unemployment benefits for a few trades.
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How did the national insurance act help health insurance?
It provided people with sick pay when they were too ill to work.
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Who did the national insurance act cover?
People who earned less than £160 per year.
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Who was the unemployment benefits aimed towards?
Workers in shipbuilding, iron founding and construction.
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When was the minimum wage introduced and what was it called?
It was introduced in 1909 and it was called the Trade boards act.
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Who was the minimum wage mainly aimed at?
Sweated industries such as, lace-making, tailoring and cardboard box making.
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How was the minimum wage managed and controlled?
A board was set up to manage it, it was made up of both employers and employees with a neutral chairman.
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What was the consequence at a business paying less than the minimum wage?
They would be fined.
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Who ensured that this act was enforced?
Factory inspectors.
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What was the Labour Exchanges Act?
This act set up job centres. It allowed unemployed people to go there and find work opportunities.
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What did David Lloyd George want to do so reforms could be paid?
Tax increase.
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When did the Liberals call a general election?
1910.
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What was the matrimonial clauses act and when was it made?
This act made it easier for women to get a divorce through ordinary law courts. However, to do this someone would have had to be found guilty of committing adultery or another related offence. It was made in 1857.
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Why was this important?
Because before this act, only parliament could allow divorces.
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What was invented in 1870?
The married women's property act. This gave women the right to keep their earnings when they got married. A further act was made enabling women to keep their property as well.
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Why was this act significant?
It saw women receive more rights and before this act, all their money and property would be their husbands if they were married.
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What was the Married Women Act (Maintenance in Case of Desertion) of 1886.
This made husbands who left their wife still pay for their maintenance (living expenses etc).
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What was The Guardianship of Children act?
It allowed women to take legal guardianship over their children if their father died or left.
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When were women allowed to vote for district councils?
1894.
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Who were the Suffragists and what did they stand for?
National Union Of Women's Suffrage Societies. Suffrage meant the right to vote.
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Who was their leader and who were they founded by?
Millicent Fawcett.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did the Liberal party win a significant election over the Conservatives?

Back

1906.

Card 3

Front

Why did the Liberal party win?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does New Liberalism mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What act was invented in 1906 for children? Who invented this act?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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