History - Paper 2 Liberal Reforms

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  • Created by: jogeba
  • Created on: 12-12-15 11:03
Who helped the poor in 1900's?
1. Charities such as Salvation Army and Bernardo's. Charities gave money, clothes or food. -by 1905 700 to 800 were formed.2. Also the poor law was set in place (this was set up by the government). Poor people would go to the workhouse- it was awful
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What did booth and Rowntree find during their study?
Booth (London): 31% of people lived beneath the poverty line & 85% of people were poor due to low wages and unemployment. Rowntree (York): 10% of people lived in 'primary poverty' & poverty was due to large families, low wage and death of wage earner
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Why did Poverty become a political issue?
1. Rowntree and Booth made it known. 2. Boer war- many men where unfit. 3. The labour party ( rivaled liberals) 4. DLG thought there was more help the gov could do for poor people
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How did the liberals help children?
1. Free school meals (1906) 2. school medical inspections(1907) - parents had to pay for treatment. 3. The children's act (1908) - safety for children 4. School clinics (1912) - free medical treatment
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How did the Liberals help workers?
1. NI part 1 (1911) AGAINST SICKNESS- workers paid 4d a week and 10d a week for 13 weeks if ill 2. NI part 2 (1912) AGAINST UNEMPLOYMENT workers paid 2d a week if lost jobs they would receive 7s6d a week for 15 weeks 3. Labour exchange (1909)- jobs
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How did the liberals help the elderly?
PENSIONS: paid for out of taxes, it was only for people over 70 (limitation) and they received 5s a week or couples would recieve 7s
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How effective were the Liberal Reforms?
There were many limitations- For pensions and national insurance part 1 . This was a problem because it didn't help all poor only the poorest.
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Who opposed the Reforms?
1. Rich people ( manly landowners) - their taxes paid for pensions 2. Most people thought the poor should rely on themselves and not the gov - makes people lazy.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Booth (London): 31% of people lived beneath the poverty line & 85% of people were poor due to low wages and unemployment. Rowntree (York): 10% of people lived in 'primary poverty' & poverty was due to large families, low wage and death of wage earner

Back

What did booth and Rowntree find during their study?

Card 3

Front

1. Rowntree and Booth made it known. 2. Boer war- many men where unfit. 3. The labour party ( rivaled liberals) 4. DLG thought there was more help the gov could do for poor people

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1. Free school meals (1906) 2. school medical inspections(1907) - parents had to pay for treatment. 3. The children's act (1908) - safety for children 4. School clinics (1912) - free medical treatment

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1. NI part 1 (1911) AGAINST SICKNESS- workers paid 4d a week and 10d a week for 13 weeks if ill 2. NI part 2 (1912) AGAINST UNEMPLOYMENT workers paid 2d a week if lost jobs they would receive 7s6d a week for 15 weeks 3. Labour exchange (1909)- jobs

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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