GCSE History Revision Notes - Britain In 1900

Here are my revision notes on Britain in 1900, which contains the following topics:

Liberal Reforms

Female Suffrage: Suffragettes/Suffragists

Home Front

I hope you find them useful as I did them in a fair amount of detail!

Pages in this set

Page 1

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Bradley Cox 11W

History Paper 2 ­ BRITAIN IN 1900

Liberal Reforms


Should Women be given the vote?

For Against
Women have special skills and expertise It is mainly middle class women campaigning
for the vote. They have little interest in
helping ordinary working class people.
Parliaments decisions affect…

Page 2

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Bradley Cox 11W

Suffragettes campaign and successes/failures

Run by Emily Pankhurst (Leader of the WSPU)
Set up in 1903
Frustrated with lack of progress from NUWSS and wanted to get votes quicker
She made the campaigns more militant and they disrupted political meetings and
harassed ministers.
Campaigns intensified in 1908…

Page 3

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At the time of her death the suffragettes were facing lots of negative criticism but
this helped people to sympathise with them as Emily had died for what she believed in.

Women During The War

How they contributed to the war effort:

Nursing (In the war)

Page 4

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The country was being run by a coalition government which consisted of liberal,
conservative and labour ministers. This meant that they could take joint responsibility
and no one party would be seen as being responsible for giving women the vote.

Did the violent methods of the suffragettes…

Page 5

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It allowed the government to seize any land or buildings it need, and to take over any industries
which were important to the war effort.
The government immediately took control of the COAL INDUSTRY so that the mines could be run
to support the war effort.


Page 6

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Compulsory rationing of sugar, butter, meat and beer.

Previous methods had proven to be ineffective at reducing food shortages. Every
person had a book of coupons which had to be handed to the shopkeeper when
rationed food was bought.

On the whole rationing was widely welcomed as…

Page 7

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How much support did the war have?

Early in the war the government faced very little opposition.

There was a surge of patriotic feeling.

Only 16,000 out of a possible 8 Million affected by conscription actually
refused to enlist.

Battle of the Somme

Half a million soldiers…

Page 8

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Most work was piece work (paid little for each item they produced)
A lot of work wasn't permanent

Living Conditions

Poisonous gases arising from sewage
Rotten staircases
Filthy passages were swarming with vermin
Intolerable stenches
Damp and mouldy walls and ceilings
Cracks everywhere and rotten windows


Page 9

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Outdoor relief ­ When you are given money to work outside of the
workhouses, in your own home.

Indoor relief ­ When you are paid for working inside a workhouse. You may only
be given food and accommodation.


Paid for by parishes who were part of…

Page 10

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Bradley Cox 11W

result of low wages, casual work, Death of wage earner: 10%
trade depressions and old age or Illness or old age of wage earner: 5%
illness. He had thought that the Low wages: 22%
poverty rates were exaggerated, Large family: 52%
but he found out they were…


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