Slides in this set
LIBERAL REFORMS SUMMARY
Liberal government won election 1906 and was
responsible for passing social reforms which laid
the foundation for a `welfare state'
Britain had become more democratic and there was
a growing awareness of poverty
Booth and Rowntree made it clear the poor were
not to blame for being in poverty
Liberals passed laws including: National Insurance,
old age pensions and reforms for children
The state was beginning to be responsible for
helping the poorest and weakest in society.…read more
WHY INTRODUCE REFORMS?
Political changes: rise of Labour (threat to Liberal
lose working class votes).
Social and economic changes: the impact of the
Industrial Revolution (poor working conditions, low
pay and long hours).
Political leaders: the work of Lloyd George and
The failures of the 1834 Poor Law workhouse,
The work of Booth and Rowntree they discovered
that there are different reasons for being in poverty.…read more
BOOTH AND ROWNTREE
Rowntree's study in Booth's study in London
York in 1901 showed in 1886 showed that 1 in
that 28% of the 4 of the population were
population did not have in poverty.
the minimum to live on Came up with a poverty
at some point. map and showed
Came up with the different reasons for
poverty line and being in poverty.
reasons for being in
OLD AGE PENSIONS
Single most important cause of poverty
Old Age Pensions Act 1908 introduced pensions 1909 for poorest
people over 70
5s a week for those earning less than £21 a year
Paid out of taxation on the rich
Transformed life for 1 million people…read more