Henry VIII government

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Who were the Privy Council?
People appointed by the King to advise on state matters.
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How did the Privy Chamber increase in importance during the reign of Henry VIII?
Staffed by younger courtiers (minions), took over management of King's affairs from Chamber
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How was Henry VIII's government different to that of his father?
Henry VIII hated paperwork (delegated most of this to advisers),
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1487
Star Chamber Act
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What was Wolsey's motive within the Star Chamber from 1516?
Increase cheap + fair justice
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When was the Act of Resumption passed and what did it do?
1515 - returned lands granted away @ beginning of wars of the roses
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How did Wolsey change the way subsides were collected?
Used national committee instead of possibly biased local commissioners
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1525
Amicable Grant
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Why was the Amicable Grant needed?
To pay for war vs Fr. w/o calling parliament
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Where was the most serious resistance as part of the Amicable Grant?
Lavenham
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How many men were part of the Lavenham resistance?
10,000
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1526
Eltham Ordinances introduced
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What was the intended purpose of the Eltham Ordinances?
To streamline the Privy Chamber personnel
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Why did Wolsey enact the Eltham Ordinances?
Most of the men chosen would be absent, giving him more power over the
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When was the Act for the Submission of the Clergy passed and what did it do?
1532 - clergy confirmed royal control over canon law
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When was the Act in Restraint of Appeals passed and what did it do?
1533 - stopped Catherine of Argon going to Rome for help in divorce case
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When was the Act of Supremacy passed and what did it do?
1534 - acknowledged Henry as head of Church
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Why can it be argued that royal supremacy didn't lead to huge changes in Tudor England?
Rome rarely appealed to for legal decisions, Popes had little involvement in day-to-day religious decision-making
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Which historian began the idea of a Tudor revolution in government?
Geoffrey Elton
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What evidence is there for a constitutional revolution in Tudor government?
Henry became head of church/state, ↑ power over Wales + semi-independent regions
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What criticisms exist about the idea of a constitutional revolution in Tudor governemtn?
Crown already influenced church appointments + emergency taxation
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What evidence is there for a political revolution in Tudor government?
Move to "King-in-Parliament", ↑ importance of parliament (e.g ore legislation, wider scope of)
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What criticisms exist about the idea of a political revolution in Tudor governemtn?
Parliament developed due to need for support for King
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What evidence is there for a bureaucratic revolution in Tudor government?
Emergence of Privy Council, King's secretary coordinates (rather than Lord Chancellor), specialised depts
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What criticisms exist about the idea of a bureaucratic revolution in Tudor governemtn?
Cromwell's reforms = short term, specialisation had already happened (during Medieval, reduced during Wars of the Roses) govt reflected interests of monarch
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What was the court of chancery?
Upheld fair justice, dealt w/ enclosure, contracts etc
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What was the main problem with the Court of Chancery?
Too popular; made movement of cases too slow
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When was the Court of Augmentation set up and what did it do?
1536 - dealt w/ income from dissolution of monasteries
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When was the Act of Union signed and what did it do?
1536 - Wales became a part of the English legal system
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Give one way in which the Parliament called in 1529 was different to others.
Passed more laws, had more experienced personnel - passing a bill after 3 readings in Lords and Commons
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Card 2

Front

How did the Privy Chamber increase in importance during the reign of Henry VIII?

Back

Staffed by younger courtiers (minions), took over management of King's affairs from Chamber

Card 3

Front

How was Henry VIII's government different to that of his father?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

1487

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was Wolsey's motive within the Star Chamber from 1516?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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