Henry VIII government

HideShow resource information
Who were the Privy Council?
People appointed by the King to advise on state matters.
1 of 29
How did the Privy Chamber increase in importance during the reign of Henry VIII?
Staffed by younger courtiers (minions), took over management of King's affairs from Chamber
2 of 29
How was Henry VIII's government different to that of his father?
Henry VIII hated paperwork (delegated most of this to advisers),
3 of 29
1487
Star Chamber Act
4 of 29
What was Wolsey's motive within the Star Chamber from 1516?
Increase cheap + fair justice
5 of 29
When was the Act of Resumption passed and what did it do?
1515 - returned lands granted away @ beginning of wars of the roses
6 of 29
1523
Amicable Grant
7 of 29
Why was the Amicable Grant needed?
To pay for war vs Fr. w/o calling parliament
8 of 29
Where was the most serious resistance as part of the Amicable Grant?
Lavenham
9 of 29
How many men were part of the Lavenham resistance?
10,000
10 of 29
1526
Eltham Ordinances introduced
11 of 29
What was the intended purpose of the Eltham Ordinances?
To streamline the Privy Chamber personnel
12 of 29
Why did Wolsey enact the Eltham Ordinances?
Most of the men chosen would be absent, giving him more power over the
13 of 29
When was the Act for the Submission of the Clergy passed and what did it do?
1532 - clergy confirmed royal control over canon law
14 of 29
When was the Act in Restraint of Appeals passed and what did it do?
1533 - stopped Catherine of Argon going to Rome for help in divorce case
15 of 29
When was the Act of Supremacy passed and what did it do?
1534 - acknowledged Henry as head of Church
16 of 29
Why can it be argued that royal supremacy didn't lead to huge changes in Tudor England?
Rome rarely appealed to for legal decisions, Popes had little involvement in day-to-day religious decision-making
17 of 29
Which historian began the idea of a Tudor revolution in government?
Geoffrey Elton
18 of 29
What evidence is there for a constitutional revolution in Tudor government?
Henry became head of church/state, ↑ power over Wales + semi-independent regions
19 of 29
What criticisms exist about the idea of a constitutional revolution in Tudor governemtn?
Crown already influenced church appointments + emergency taxation
20 of 29
What evidence is there for a political revolution in Tudor government?
Move to "King-in-Parliament", ↑ importance of parliament (e.g ore legislation, wider scope of)
21 of 29
What criticisms exist about the idea of a political revolution in Tudor governemtn?
Parliament developed due to need for support for King
22 of 29
What evidence is there for a bureaucratic revolution in Tudor government?
Emergence of Privy Council, King's secretary coordinates (rather than Lord Chancellor), specialised depts
23 of 29
What criticisms exist about the idea of a bureaucratic revolution in Tudor governemtn?
Cromwell's reforms = short term, specialisation had already happened (during Medieval, reduced during Wars of the Roses) govt reflected interests of monarch
24 of 29
What was the court of chancery?
Upheld fair justice, dealt w/ enclosure, contracts etc
25 of 29
What was the main problem with the Court of Chancery?
Too popular; made movement of cases too slow
26 of 29
When was the Court of Augmentation set up and what did it do?
1536 - dealt w/ income from dissolution of monasteries
27 of 29
When was the Act of Union signed and what did it do?
1536 - Wales became a part of the English legal system
28 of 29
Give one way in which the Parliament called in 1529 was different to others.
Passed more laws, had more experienced personnel - passing a bill after 3 readings in Lords and Commons
29 of 29

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How did the Privy Chamber increase in importance during the reign of Henry VIII?

Back

Staffed by younger courtiers (minions), took over management of King's affairs from Chamber

Card 3

Front

How was Henry VIII's government different to that of his father?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

1487

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was Wolsey's motive within the Star Chamber from 1516?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The Tudors: England 1485-1603 resources »