Glossary of spoken language features

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  • Created by: ella
  • Created on: 07-04-14 20:00
Accent
Ways in which words are pronounced
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Adjacency pairs
Parallel expressions, speaking turns
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Back channel
Words, phrases and non verbal utterances , i see, oh, used for feedback
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Contraction
A reduced form, cannot is can't
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Deixis
Verbal pointing, this that, there
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Dialect
Distinctive grammar or vocab associated with regional or social use of language
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Discourse marker
Used to signal relationships and connections, first, on the other hand
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Elision
Slurring words, gonna , going to
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Ellipsis
Missing out words, you going to the party, misses out verb
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False start
When speaker begins an utterance, stops and reformulates it
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Filler
Words that carry no conventional meaning, allow us time to think, create a pause in conversation, er, um
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Grice maxisms
4 basic conversational rules, quanity, quality, relevance, manner
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Hedge
Soften weaken force of the way something is said, perhaps, maybe
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Idiolect
Individual style of speaking
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Interactional talk
Language in conversation used for interpersonal reasons
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Non fluency features
Hesitations, false starts, fillers, repetitions
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Paralinguistic features
Related to body language, gestures and expressions, such as laughter
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Phatic talk
Small talk, establish relationship, no meaning, how are you?
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Pragmatics
Focus on context and purposes
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Prosodic features
Stress, rhythm, pitch, tempo
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Repairs
Alteration made by speaker
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Sociolect
Variety of speech used by a particular group
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Tag question
Normally words added to a declarative sentence to turn statement into a question its a bit expensive around here, isnt it
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Transactional talk
Language used to get things done
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Turn taking
Mimal overlaps
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Utterance
Complete unit of talk bounded by speakers silence
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Vague language
Statements that sound imprecise, whatever
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Adjacency pairs

Back

Parallel expressions, speaking turns

Card 3

Front

Back channel

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Contraction

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Deixis

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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