When the subject of a verb is the element affected by the action e.g. the burglar was caugth by the police.
A shift in the meaning of a word so that it becomes less positive
A word or group of words that function as a unit in a sentence
Words with three or more syllables
The study of the part that language plays in social situations and social relationships
A group of letters commonly found at the beginning of a word e.g. 're-, un-'
A word that relates one word to another e.g. 'in, at, under'
Favours rules identifying correct and incorrect language use
A word that takes the place of a noun, e.g. he, she, it
Non verbal aspects of speech such as volume, intonation and pitch