Germany 1918-1945

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Left-Wing
Political parties who believed in the importance of community, higher taxes and investment in social care services. E.G Communism
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Right-Wing
Political parties believing in lower taxes, the importance of the individual, and a 'sink or swim' attitude. E.G Nazism
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Spartacus League
Extreme left-wing revolutionary group, led by Rosa Luxembourg. Did not trust the Social Democrats to look after the interests of working people. Spartacist Uprising crushed, Luxembourg murdered
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Kaiser
German emperor/ leader, Kaiser Willhelm in WW1
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Reichstag
German parliament
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Freikorps
Demobilised soldiers from WW1 who were violent towards the people they blamed for the problems stemming from WW1 (eg the Weimar Government)
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Communists
People who supported the Communist party and believed that everyone is equal and everything should be shared equally. Left-wing; eg Russia- Josef Stalin
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Weimar Government
Coalition government set up in 1919 to rule Germany after WW1; first president Friedrich Ebert of the Social Democrats
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Weimar Constitution
A set of rules that were used by the Weimar Government to run Germany by
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Social Democrats
Leading party in the Reichstag after WW1. Traditionally voted for by workers. Believed that people should have freedom of speech on how the country should be run.
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Putsch
Sudden armed uprising/ political revolt; eg Kapp Putsch 1920, Munich Putsch 1923
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Chancellor
Appointed from the Reichstag by the President, a decision which had to be supported by the majority of the Reichstag
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President
Elected every 7 years, led the government
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Article 48
Law which in an emergency, meant the President could created laws without going to the Reichstag for a vote first. Meant there was a possibilty of dictatorship
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Proportional Representation
Parties received the same proportion of seats in the Reichstag as their proportion of votes
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Political parties believing in lower taxes, the importance of the individual, and a 'sink or swim' attitude. E.G Nazism

Back

Right-Wing

Card 3

Front

Extreme left-wing revolutionary group, led by Rosa Luxembourg. Did not trust the Social Democrats to look after the interests of working people. Spartacist Uprising crushed, Luxembourg murdered

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

German emperor/ leader, Kaiser Willhelm in WW1

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

German parliament

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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