Germany 1918-1945

11th November 1918
The Social Democratic Party was the strongest after the November revolution because of the leader Freidrich Ebert brewing the leader of the government
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5th January 1919
The German Workers party was created and brought into existence
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January 1919
50,000 Spartacists rebelled in Berlin, led by the Communists Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Leibknecht.
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28th June 1919
The Treaty of Versailles was created by the 'Big Three' sharing out blame for the First World War on Germany
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12th September 1919
Hitler went to spy on the German Workers Party and liked their policies and decided to become a member
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24th February 1920
The German Workers Party changed their name to the National Socialist German Workers Party, the Nazis for short.
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March 1920
The right-wing nationalist Dr Wolfgang Kapp took over Berlin in a Kapp Putsch. The army refused to attack him; he was only defeated when the workers of Berlin went on strike.
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March 1920 pt.2
There was a rebellion - the Kapp Putsch - that aimed to set up a new government as the rebels were angry at them for signing the Treaty of Versailles.
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June 1921
Hyperinflation started to become a serious issue and the German currency of 'Marks' became pretty much worthless. This continued until 1924
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29th July 1921
Hitler became the leader of the Nazi party
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4th November 1921
The SA, also known as the Stormtroopers or Brown Shirts, was formed as the Nazi Party's militia
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January 1921
The French occupation of the Ruhr, was when Germany could no longer pay the reparations set in the Treaty of Versailles so France and Belgium invaded Germany's industrial state to get the reparations themselves
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15th October 1923
Rentenmark - new temporary currency, stopped inflation
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23rd November 1923
Munich Putsch, Hitler marched in on government meeting, forced officials to agree with uprising. Next day was arrested and imprisoned.
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1924
Dawes Pact was created by a rich American Banker to solve the World War I reparations problem that Germany had to pay
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1st December 1925
Locarno Pact was a series of agreements whereby Germany, France, Belgium, Great Britain, and Italy mutually guaranteed peace in western Europe. The treaties were initialed at Locarno, Switz
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4th July 1926
The Hitler Youth was created and was more integrated into the SA
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20th August 1927
The Nuremberg rally propaganda aimed to show Germany's power under the Nazi reign.
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27th August 1928
The Kellogg-briand pact is an international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve "disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them
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29th October 1930
The Wall Street Crash threw the whole world into a Great Depression.
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September 1930
The Nazis became the second largest party with a majority of 18.3%.
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July 1932
Nazis became the largest party with a 37.4% majority.
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30th January 1933
Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany by President Hindenburg.
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3rd February 1933
Hitler defined the Nazi foreign policies to secure lebensraum for the Aryans.
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27th February 1933
The Reichstag Fire broke out and was blamed on the Communist party, banning them giving the Nazis a majority in Government.
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23rd March 1933
The Enabling act was made and allowed Hitler to make laws without consulting the Reichstag.
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26th April 1933
The Gestapo, Nazi secret police, was formed.
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10th May 1933
Joseph Goebbels burned "un-German" books.
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14th July 1933
All political parties bar the Nazis were banned.
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October 1933
Germany withdrew from the League of Nations.
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30th June 1934
The Night of Long Knives caused the deaths of 150 political leaders by the orders of Hitler.
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2nd August 1934
Hindenburg died and Hitler combined Chancellor and President to create the title Führer.
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26th February 1935
Herman Goering established Luftwaffe, the German Airforce. Against the Versailles Treaty
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March 1935
Hitler announced conscription against the treaty of Versailles
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15th September 1935
Nuremberg laws were anti-Jewish laws, marking a major step in clarifying racial policy and removing Jewish influences from Aryan society.
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1935
Rearmament began
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7th March 1936
German troops re-occupy the Rhineland
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1st August 1936
The Berlin Olympics began.
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1936
The Hitler Youth membership became compulsory for all boys
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9th/10th November 1938
The Nazis destroyed 7,500 Jewish shop windows, burned 400 synagogues and arrested 30,000 Jews and sent them to concentration camps. This was Kristallnacht (the Night of Broken Glass). The Jews were forced to pay for al
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12th March 1938
German troops enter Austria
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23rd August 1939
Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union surprised the world by signing the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact, in which the two countries agreed to take no military action against each other for the next 10 years.
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1st September 1939
Germany invaded Poland. The Polish army was defeated within weeks of the invasion.
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1942
The Final Solution was devised to murder all Jews in Nazi Germany
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1945
Hitler killed himself
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The German Workers party was created and brought into existence

Back

5th January 1919

Card 3

Front

50,000 Spartacists rebelled in Berlin, led by the Communists Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Leibknecht.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The Treaty of Versailles was created by the 'Big Three' sharing out blame for the First World War on Germany

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Hitler went to spy on the German Workers Party and liked their policies and decided to become a member

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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