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Slide 1

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Germany 1918-1945…read more

Slide 2

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The impact of the 1st world war
· Before the war, Germany was in a very good shape. It
had a powerful army and a prosperous economy.
Everyone was well fed and well educated.
· The war had a huge impact on Germany and its
economy. Here are some crucial problems created by
the war:
­ Germany was virtually bankrupt
­ Made the division between rich and poor more prominent
­ Had a revolution and became an unstable democratic republic.…read more

Slide 3

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Birth of the Weimar Republic
· In 1918, it was clear the allies had won the war.
They offered Germany peace but under strict
conditions - Germany had to become more
democratic. When the Kaiser refused, sailors in
North Germany mutinied, this triggered other
· The socialists led uprisings and on November the
9th 1918 the Kaiser abdicated.
· Socialist leader Freidrich Ebert became the new
leader and immediately signed armistice.
· He announced the creation of a new
republic giving the German people: freedom
of speech, freedom of worship and better
working conditions. A new constitution was
drawn up…read more

Slide 4

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The Weimar Republic
· The success of the new government largely depended
on whether the German public would accept this change
from a traditional Germany to this new democratic
· Ebert had opposition from right and left. On the right,
the Kaisers advisers kept their positions in the army,
restricting what the new government could do.
· On the left were the communists. They believed that
what Germany needed was a communist revolution.
· In January 1919 free elections took place and Ebert got
a majority making him the President of the Weimar
Republic.…read more

Slide 5

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Weimar Problems
ILRIM…read more

Slide 6

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Ineffective Constitution
· Article 47 of the constitution gave the President sole power in times
of `emergency' - something he took often.
· Proportional representation led to 28 parties. This made it virtually
impossible to get a majority in the Reichstag and changes were
frequently being made to the Government
· The German states had too much power and often ignored the
· The army wasn't completely in the Governments control as it was
led my a right winger. It failed to support the government in the
Kapp Putsch and the crisis in 1923.
· Many Government officials - especially judges - were right wing and
wanted to destroy the Government. After the Kapp Putsch, 700
were tried for treason, only one was sent to jail. Hitler served only 9
months after the Munich Putsch.…read more

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