features of the scientific method

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replicability
each fact should be able to be obtained if the experiment or investigation is conducted several times. all experiments would be written up so that anyone could repeat the experiment exactly as it was preformed the first time.
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control
in order to establish cause and effect relationships, all variables which could influence the dependent variable, with the exception of the independent variable, must be kept constant between conditions
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empiricism
the evidence is gained via direct observation or experiment rather than through reasoned argument or unfounded beliefs
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objectivity
all measurements and recordings should be based on observation and not influenced by an investigators personal feelings of beliefs
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theory construction
the facts that are recorded from the observations and investigations are used to formulate these. they are a collection of interrelated ideas.
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Card 2

Front

in order to establish cause and effect relationships, all variables which could influence the dependent variable, with the exception of the independent variable, must be kept constant between conditions

Back

control

Card 3

Front

the evidence is gained via direct observation or experiment rather than through reasoned argument or unfounded beliefs

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

all measurements and recordings should be based on observation and not influenced by an investigators personal feelings of beliefs

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the facts that are recorded from the observations and investigations are used to formulate these. they are a collection of interrelated ideas.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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