1.) Features of a science: Control, Repliability, Objectivity, Paradigm
- Control: Being able to control other variables so that they do not effect the study
- Repliablity: Being able to repeat results, using a standarised methods and gain similar result so that the study become reliable.
- Objectivity: The study measure what it intends to.
- Paradigm: Patterns from results, then comparing them to others.
2.) Induction + Deduction: Karl Popper 1935
- Induction: Reasoniing from the particular to general.
- Deduction: Reasoning from particular to general.
- Hypothetico-Deductive System.
- Making observation- Producing laws/theories- Generating a hypothesis- Testing it- Reject/refine.
3.) Arguments for Psychology as a science: Scientific method over common-sense psychology, Scientific methods, Cause and effect.
- Scientific knowledge is more useful thean common-sense psychology: People want to understand human behaviour, producing verifiable knowledge and distancing from common-sense psychology. Claiming proof, only scientific method can so this.
- Scientific methods: Coming up with theories and testing them, modifing and then testing them again, this method is used in all areas of science, chemisty, biology, physics and psychology.
- Cause and Effect (determisnist): Science bases it's ideas on everything having a cause…