Scientific Method

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  • Scientific Method
    • Science
      • Major features of science
        • Empiricism
        • Objectivity
        • Replicability
        • Control
        • Theory construction
    • Validating knowledge
      • Peer review.
        • Serves three main purposes.
          • Allocation of research findings.
          • Publication in scientific journals.
          • Research assessment exercise.
        • May be an unreachable ideal.
        • Anonymity allows honesty and objectivity.
        • Publication bias favours positive results.
        • May lead to preservation of the status quo.
      • Conventions of scientific reporting
        • Abstract - summary of study
        • Introduction / aim - literature review and research intentions
        • Method - procedures and design of study
        • Results - descriptive and inferential statistics.
        • Discussion - outcomes and implications of study.
        • References

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