Eyes

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  • Created by: birungi1
  • Created on: 14-04-18 23:06
How many minutes should you leave when applying to different eye drops?
5 minutes because one can dilute the other
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Eye drops should be discarded after how many weeks?
4 (1 week in hospital)
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What drugs affect contact lens
isotretinoin - conjuctival inflammation, aspirin - irritation
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What drugs colour contact lenses?
rifampicin, sulfasalzine
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Topical corticosteriod are associated with what?
red eye, steroid glaucoma, steroid cataracts
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What do intravitreal corticosteroids containing dexomethasone tx?
adults with macular oedema, inflammation of the posterior segment
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What do intravitreal corticosteroids containing fluocinolone tx?
chronic diabetic macular oedema
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What does octrivine contain
antazoline, xylometazoline - causes transient stinging
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What is octrivine used for
allergic conjuctivitis
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What is the maximum use of epinastine
8weeks
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What is the maximum use of lodoxamine
4 weeks
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Lodoxamine can be sold OTC at what strength and age
0.1% over 4 years old
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What is the maximum pack size you can sale OTC for sodium cromoglicate
10ml (2%)
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What does sofradex contain
dexamethasone, gramicidin, framycetin
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What does tobradex contain
dexamethasone and tobramycin
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What is tobradex used to treat
local tx inflammation
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What is ciclosporin in eye drops used to treat
severe keratitis in dry eye disease
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What are the side effects of ciclosporin
blurred vision , instillation site pain, local irritation, local pruritis
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What is cefuroxime used for
Prophylaxis of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery
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What is azithromycin used for
trachomatous conjunctivitis
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What are the side-effects of azithromycin in eye drops
blurred vision, ocular burning , ocular discomfort, ocular pruritus
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What is ciprofloxacin used for
severe superficial bacterial eye infection (other quinolones; local tx of infection
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What are the side effects of ciprofloxacin in eye drops
corneal deposits, ocular discomfort, ocular hyperaemia, taste disturbances
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How old do you have to be to receive chloramphenicol OTC
2 years old
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What strength can you supply of chloramphenicol OTC
0.5% eye drops; 1% eye ointment
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What is the maximum pack size you sale OTC for chloramphenicol
10ml eye drops; 4g eye ointment
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What can you treat mydriasis
phenylephedrine
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What can you use to treat post-operative inflammation following cataract surgery
Bromfenac
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What can be used for antisepsis
povidone- iodine
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What can be used as anaesthetics
oxybuprocaine, proxymetacaine
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What do beta blockers do in glaucoma
decrease intra-ocular pressure in primary open-angle glaucoma, decrease rate of production
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Name the non-selective beta blockers
carteolol, levobunolol, timolol
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Name the selective beta blockers
betaxolol
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What are carbonic anhydrase inhibitors contra-indicated in
hypokalaemia, hyponatraemia, hyperchloraemic acidosis
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What are the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor side-effects
ataxia, depression, diarrhoea, excitement, decreased libido, taste disturbances
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What carbonic anhydrase inhibitor can make you sleepy
acetazolamide, brinzolamide
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What other condition can acetazolamide treat
epilepsy
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When should you avoid brinzolamide
eGFR less than 30ml/min, pregnancy
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What is brinzolamide contra-indicated in
hyperchloraemic acidosis
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What are the side effects of brinzolamide
corneal erosion, dry mouth, headache, ocular disturbances
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Azarga contains what
brinzolamide and timolol
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Dorzolamide is contra-indicated in what
hyperchloraemic acidosis
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What are the side-effects of dorzolamide
asthenia, bitter taste, blurred vision, eyelid inflammation, headache ocular irritation
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When should you avoid dorzolamide
eGFR less than 30ml/min
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What does cosopt contain
dorzolamide and timolol
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Name all the prostaglandin analogues
bimatoprost, latanoprost, travoprost
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What do prostaglandin analogues cause
brown pigmentation
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What is the MHRA alert on latanoprost
eye irritation
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What are the side-effects of prostaglandin analogues
blepharitis, blood pressure, headache
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What type of medication is apraclonidine
alpha 2 adrenoceptor agonists
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What are the side effects of apraclonidine
conjunctivitis, dry eye, ocular intolerance, rhinitis, taste disturbances
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When should you withdrawn apraclonidine
ocular intolerance, eye pruritus, ocular hyperaemia, increased lacrimation, oedema of the eyelids
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What is used to treat macular degeneration
afibercept
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What are the contra-indications of afibercept
ocular infection, severe intra-ocular inflammation
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How is afibercept given
intravitreal injection
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What is used to treat neovascular macular degeneration
pegaptanib
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What is pegaptanib contra-indicated in
ocular/preiocular infection
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What are the side-effects of pegaptanib
anterior chamber inflammation, cataract , conjunctivitis, dry eye, eye irritation
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what is acanthamoeba keratitis
painful and sight threatening condition - associated with ineffective lens cleaning and disinfection, use of contaminated lens cases or tap water
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Eye drops should be discarded after how many weeks?

Back

4 (1 week in hospital)

Card 3

Front

What drugs affect contact lens

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What drugs colour contact lenses?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Topical corticosteriod are associated with what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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