English language and literature techniques

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Direct address
Referring to the reader directly using the pronouns ‘we’ or ‘you’.
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Alliteration
Repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words placed near each other, usually on the same or adjacent lines.
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Facts
Something which can be proven to be true.
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Opinion
A belief which cannot be proven to be true.
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Rhetorical Question
Any question in a piece of writing which does not require an answer.
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Emotive
Words which elicit a powerful emotional response.
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Statistics
Numerical facts and data.
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Threes
Lists of three things in a sentence.
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Caesura
A strong pause within a line of verse.
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Enjambment
A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next.
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Personification
The endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living qualities.
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Rhyming Couplet
A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem.
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Assonance
The repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence or a line of poetry or prose, as in "I rose and told him of my woe."
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Ballad
A narrative poem written in four-line stanzas, characterized by swift action and narrated in a direct style. The Anonymous medieval ballad, "Barbara Allan," exemplifies the genre.
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Imagery
The pattern of related comparative aspects of language, particularly of images, in a literary work.
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Irony
A contrast or discrepancy between what is said and what is meant or between what happens and what is expected to happen in life and in literature. In verbal irony, characters say the opposite of what they mean.
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Metaphor
A comparison between essentially unlike things without an explicitly comparative word such as like or as. An example is "My love is a red, red rose,"
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Simile
A figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though. An example: "My love is like a red, red rose."
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Stanza
A division or unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form--either with similar or identical patterns or rhyme and meter, or with variations from one stanza to another.
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Syntax
The grammatical order of words in a sentence or line of verse or dialogue.
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Oxymoron
A combination of two words that appear to contradict each other.
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Pun
Word play in which words with totally different meanings have similar or identical sounds. Example: Like a firefly in the rain, I'm delighted.
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Tone/Mood
Word play in which words with totally different meanings have similar or identical sounds. Example: Like a firefly in the rain, I'm delighted.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words placed near each other, usually on the same or adjacent lines.

Back

Alliteration

Card 3

Front

Something which can be proven to be true.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A belief which cannot be proven to be true.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Any question in a piece of writing which does not require an answer.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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