· Allegory: a symbolic tale which often conveys a lesson or moral
· Alliteration: the repetition of sounds at the beginning of words 'blast-beruffled plume'
· Allusion: a reference to something beyond the text which is designed to affect and to be understood by the reader
· Analogy: a comparison or example designed to emphasise similarities
· Antonym: a word that means the opposite of another word
· Antithesis: the deliberate contrasting of opposed pairs
· Assonance: repetition of the same vowel sound followed by different consonant sounds. Strong rhyme: brine, line; weak rhyme: side, lied
· Audience: the person or person to whom the text is addressed
· Ballad: a poetic form, usually of simple for-line stanzas and often telling a story
· Caesura: a pause or stop for effect within a line of poetry
· Characterisation: the ways in which a writer presents a character to the reader- though dialogue, direct description, contrast with other characters
· Chronological: arranged according to the order of time
· Cliché: an expression that has become 'worn out' or meaningless from being used too often
· Colloquialism: colloquial language is the language of everyday speech and often includes slang
· Compound word: two words linked together to create a new word, 'After-comers'
· Consonance: the repetition of consonant sounds, not just the start of words 'corpse', 'crypt'
· Contrast: the placing together of dissimilar things to emphasise their differences
· Couplet: two lines of poetry, paired together often by rhyme.
· Dialect: a regional and usually spoken form of language which differs from Standard English and is often associated with a regional accent.
· Dialogue: the words spoken by characters in stories or poems, in the form of direct speech
· Dramatic monologue: a poem in the form of a speaker addressing an unseen/unheard audience
· Enjambment: the running-on from one line of poetry to the next without pause. Enjambment is more worthy of comment when lines are run on across stanza breaks
· Exclamation: an abrupt, loud or heightened utterance often indicated by an exclamation mark!
· Euphemism: the use of a mild, inoffensive expression for something which is unpleasant or embarrassing
· Fable: a legend or a story that usually has a moral lesson
· Figurative language: the broad term for all figures of speech which go beyond literal meanings
· Form: the type, pattern, shape or layout of a poem
· Genre: a type of literature
· Half-rhyme: a technique used in poetry in which the words do not quite rhyme 'rest/wrist'
· Iambic pentameter: a rhythm in a line of poetry which has five weakly stressed syllables each followed by give strongly stress syllables.De dum de dum...
· Imagery: images used by writers in which a picture, feeling or sense-impression is conveyed in words
· Imperative: an order, command or instruction.
· Irony: when there is difference between what is expected to happen and what actually happens.
· Juxtaposition: the placing together of words and ideas for a particular effect
· Lyric: originally a poem which was meant to be sung
· Metaphor: an image which describes one thing in terms of a very different thing but without making the link as obvious as in a simile