English Language Semantics AO1

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Denotation
Literal meaning/dictionary definition of a word
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Connotation
Suggestions/beliefs surrounding a certain word, e.g. 'disgraceful' has connotations of anger and negativity
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Synonym
Another version of a word, e.g. 'said' - 'stated'
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Antonym
A word opposite in meaning to another, e.g. 'bad' and 'good'
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Polysemy
the coexistence of many possible meanings for a word or phrase.
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Metonym
A figure of speech used in rhetoric in which a thing or concept is not called its own name
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Amelioration
When a word develops positive connotations where the original was negative
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Perjoration
Process of worsening or degrading
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Broadening
Where a meaning of a word expands over time
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Narrowing
Meaning of a word decreases in its connotations over time
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Metaphor
A hidden comparison between two things
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Simile
Where one thing is compared to another by using 'as' or ' like'
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Personification
Where an inanimate object is given human or living characteristics, e.g. the book provides a sustained account of how literary personification works
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Euphemism
A politer way of saying something
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Dsyphemism
A derogatory or unpleasant term used instead of a pleasant or neutral one
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Semantic field
a lexical set of semantically related items, for example verbs of perception
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Political correctness
Avoidance of forms of expression that are perceived to exclude groups of people who are socially discriminated against
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Idiom
Phrase or a fixed expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Connotation

Back

Suggestions/beliefs surrounding a certain word, e.g. 'disgraceful' has connotations of anger and negativity

Card 3

Front

Synonym

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Antonym

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Polysemy

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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