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A2 English Language Change quick study
guide
Key words
Acronym A word formed from the initial letters of a
name e.g. SCUBA
Affixation Adding an affix like `ed' or `s'
Amelioration Word meaning changes from something bad
to something good
Archaic Old/oldfashioned
Blend Two words are combined (oxbridge = oxford…

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contracted forms such as isn't and haven't but also slang such as `ight, or even `iced cream

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which became ice cream')
Initialism Same as acronym but you pronounce the
letters like `CD' or `RSPCA'
Syntax inversion Changes order of words in a sentence
Obsolete A word that is no longer used/erased from the
dictionary because it is archaic
Mixedmode Features of two modes combines aka speech
in…

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Theorist: Ferdinand de Saussure: French linguistic and semiologist. Said language changed

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because he saw language as having 2 things: the signifier and the signified. Signifier:cat,
signified: independent, furry, cunning, playful whereas in the 18th century while the signifier
stays the same, the signified is: wicked, nasty, evil, sinful

Why
does language change?
People invent things and they need naming
changes in…

Page 7

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acronyms and initialisms come from military, medical, technology or speed in communication, or

Page 8

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tabloids aka `WAG' wives and girlfriends (of footballers). David Crystal says this is because we
like `linguistic economy' and saving time.
changes through: metaphors, euphemisms and idioms.

Key lexical changes across Late Modern English
Century Neologisms Influence
18 Sandwich
vaccination torpedo mob
Science and medicine Classical languages (Latin and Greek)…

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1

Page 2

Preview of page 2
A2 English Language Change quick study
guide
Key words
Acronym A word formed from the initial letters of a
name e.g. SCUBA
Affixation Adding an affix like `ed' or `s'
Amelioration Word meaning changes from something bad
to something good
Archaic Old/oldfashioned
Blend Two words are combined (oxbridge = oxford…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
contracted forms such as isn't and haven't but also slang such as `ight, or even `iced cream

Page 4

Preview of page 4
which became ice cream')
Initialism Same as acronym but you pronounce the
letters like `CD' or `RSPCA'
Syntax inversion Changes order of words in a sentence
Obsolete A word that is no longer used/erased from the
dictionary because it is archaic
Mixedmode Features of two modes combines aka speech
in…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Theorist: Ferdinand de Saussure: French linguistic and semiologist. Said language changed

Page 6

Preview of page 6
because he saw language as having 2 things: the signifier and the signified. Signifier:cat,
signified: independent, furry, cunning, playful whereas in the 18th century while the signifier
stays the same, the signified is: wicked, nasty, evil, sinful

Why
does language change?
People invent things and they need naming
changes in…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
acronyms and initialisms come from military, medical, technology or speed in communication, or

Page 8

Preview of page 8
tabloids aka `WAG' wives and girlfriends (of footballers). David Crystal says this is because we
like `linguistic economy' and saving time.
changes through: metaphors, euphemisms and idioms.

Key lexical changes across Late Modern English
Century Neologisms Influence
18 Sandwich
vaccination torpedo mob
Science and medicine Classical languages (Latin and Greek)…

Comments

No comments have yet been made