English Language Pragmatics AO1

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Form vs. Function
Of the eight grammatical forms, some forms can perform only one function while other forms can perform multiple functions. And, of the thirty-one grammatical functions, some functions can be performed by only one form while other functions can be per
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Positive face
Desire to be liked, appreciated, approved, etc
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Negative face
Desire to not be imposed upon, intruded, etc
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Irony
Expression of a meaning by using language that signifies the opposite
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Implied meaning
A meaning that is suggested but not directly expressed
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Shared meaning
Two or more people share an understanding
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Conversation maxims
Any of the 4 rules proposed by Grice (1975)
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Quantity maxim
Where one tries to be as informative as one possibly can, and gives as much information as is needed, and no more.
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Quality maxim
Where one tries to be truthful, and does not give information that is false or that is not supported by evidence
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Relation maxim
Where one tries to be relevant, and says things that are pertinent to the discussion
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Manner maxim
When one tries to be as clear, as brief, and as orderly as one can in what one says, and where one avoids obscurity and ambiguity
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Flouting maxims
Deliberately violating a maxim
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Desire to be liked, appreciated, approved, etc

Back

Positive face

Card 3

Front

Desire to not be imposed upon, intruded, etc

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Expression of a meaning by using language that signifies the opposite

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A meaning that is suggested but not directly expressed

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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