English Key Terms

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  • Created by: selven
  • Created on: 21-04-18 12:30
Turn-Taking
The process of taking turns in a conversation, where only one speaker speaks at a time
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Superlative Adjective
Expresses the highest level of quality of the adjective e.g 'fastest'
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Simple Sentence
A sentence that has only one clause
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Prosodics
How we use rhythm, stress, intonation and pace in speech to create particular effects
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Phatic Talk
Speech which is designed to maintain social relationships, often used to start a conversation
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Modal-auxiliary Verb
Expresses degrees of possibility, probability or necessity e.g 'might', 'may'
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Minor Sentence
A sentence that has some missing elements, such as the subject or the verb
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Lexical Field
Identifies the main subject matter of a text
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Interrogative
A question- swapping round the subject and the verb- ends with a question mark
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Impertive
A command- a type of sentence where the subject is usually left out and the verb is in its bare form, e.g. 'give the hat to me'
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Idiom
A form of common, non-literal expression e.g. 'I was dead on my feet'
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High Frequency Lexis
Words that appear often in everyday speech
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Discourse Marker
Marks a change in direction in an extended piece of written or spoken text
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Determiner
Words determining the number or status of the noun e.g. 'an', 'a', 'the'
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Complex Sentence
A sentence that has two or more clauses, one of which is a subordinate clause, which is a clause that depends on the main clause to exist
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Collocation
Two or more words that are often found together in a group or phrase with a distinct meaning e.g. 'back to front'
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Clause
A structural unit that contains at least one subject and one verb
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Back-Channelling
Supportive terms that show aknowledgement
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Auxiliary Verb
A verb used in foring the tenses, moods and voices of other verbs. Primary auxiliary=be, do, have Modal auxiliary=can,could,may,might,must,shall
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Abstract Noun
Refer to ideas and concepts that only exist in the mind
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Adjacency Pair
A pair of utternces in a conversation that go together e.g. question and answer
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Adjective
A word that modifies a noun, a describing word
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Adverb
A word that modifies a verb telling you how, where or when an action takes place; can also modify adjectives e.g. 'really'
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Compound Sentence
Has two or more clauses usually joined to the main clause by conjunctions and depends on the main clause to exist
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Compound Complex Sentence
A sentence that has three or more clauses one of which will be a subordinate clause an one or which will be a coordinate clause
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Concrete Nouns
Refer to things we can touch or can experience physically
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Declarative
A statement- a type of sentence which gives information
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Expresses the highest level of quality of the adjective e.g 'fastest'

Back

Superlative Adjective

Card 3

Front

A sentence that has only one clause

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

How we use rhythm, stress, intonation and pace in speech to create particular effects

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Speech which is designed to maintain social relationships, often used to start a conversation

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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