Education Glossary

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 20-05-15 17:41
Social mobility
Change of position between social classes e.g. a person who moves from working to middle class would be upwardly mobile,
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Equality of Educational Opportunity
The principle that all people should be provided with equal opportunity to succeed in education, irrespective of their sex, age, ethic or religious group,
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Streaming
Where chuldren are separated in different teaching groups based on their ability
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Meritocracy
Where people are rewarded on their talents and abilities rather than their social background,
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Immediate gratification
A preference for immediate pleasure or reward, without thinking about the longer term consequences e.g. going out with friends rather than doing work,
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Hidden Curriculum
All those things learnt at school which are not openly or formally taught e.g. obedience
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Formal Curriculum
All those things learnt at school which are openly or formally taught e.g. subjects,
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Cultural capital
Desired knowledge, language and social skills which aid student's success in school. Middle class parents pass this on to their children through trips to museums,
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Economic capital
Money or wealth which allows people to buy edcuational success e.g. private tutors
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Label
The preconceived idea of a student that a teacher has based on past behaviour, social background and ethnicty and may lead to a self-fulfilling prophecy,
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Labelling
A process of attaching a preconceived idea of a student on to them e.g. trouble maker
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Stereotypical
A preconceived, often one sided and negative, idea about a person based on opinion
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Self- fulfilling prophecy
Where students live up to predictions or labels placed on them by teachers,
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Anti school subculture
set of attitudes and values that go against mainstream or pro school cultures e.g. placing a high value on truancy,
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Marketisation
The process of opening up shcools to the free market by creating competition between schools e.g. exam league tables
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Ethnocentric
Concerning only one cultural prespective, excluding all others e.g. English History
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New Vocationalism
Educational policies that are concerned with imparting work based skills and qualifications
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Social control
The process by which society gets people to conform or behave as they want them to e.g. use of detentions
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Equality of Educational Opportunity

Back

The principle that all people should be provided with equal opportunity to succeed in education, irrespective of their sex, age, ethic or religious group,

Card 3

Front

Streaming

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Meritocracy

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Immediate gratification

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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