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Asymmetrical family
Term used by Willmott and Young to describe the fourth stage of the family where
the men become more work-oriented, spending less leisure time at home while the
women take the major responsibility for the home & children.
Attenuated Extended Family
A network of nuclear families who tend…

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less developed societies. Experience of childhood is also relative to experience of
social class, gender and ethnicity.
Child Support Agency
A government agency established in 1993 by the Conservative Government to help
reduce the growing cost to the taxpayer of providing financial support for lone
parents and their children. The…

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radical psychiatrists have focused on how families may be emotionally and
psychologically damaging for some members.
Death of the Family
An expression used to indicate that the family as an institution is "dying". The New
Right tend to see evidence for this in the increase in divorce and cohabitation, the…

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result of a patriarchal system. It is probably impossible to assess the true extent of
domestic violence, although sociologists estimate that one on four married women are
likely to experience it. Feminists suggest that domestic violence reflects gendered
power differences between men and women in that it is still acceptable…

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A family unit that contains relatives beyond the core of the nuclear family unit living
in the same house, street or area. A vertical extended family includes at least three
generations (e.g. grandparents, parents and children) under the same roof or in the
immediate neighbourhood. Horizontal extended families contain aunts,…

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Feminism
Sociological perspectives which examine social phenomena from the viewpoint of
women. There are a number of different types ranging from liberal feminism to
socialist and Marxist feminisms.
Fertility Rate
The number of live births in a population per 1000 women of childbearing age.
Gender
This refers to the social…

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Housework
This is work undertaken, usually by women, to support the running of a home. It
includes domestic jobs like cleaning and may be extended to include shopping and
childcare. Oakley claims housework is regarded as non-work in patriarchal societies
and as a result is unpaid, isolated and makes women…

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evidence that kinship networks act as a form of mutual support system in traditional
working-class communities in which the extended family is the norm. However, some
sociologists, notably functionalists, see such networks as less important in western
societies, which are characterised by isolated nuclear families. However, recent
evidence from sociologists…

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communities, empty shell marriages may be a lesser evil because divorce is frowned
upon.

Marriage
The legal union of a man and woman, although in some countries, e.g. the Netherlands,
it is now legally possible for people of the same sex to be married. Monogamy is the
norm in the…

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New Man
A term applied to men who take on more expressive roles and share tasks in the home.
These men are supposedly more in touch with their feminine emotional side. Some
people see such a concept as a media creation.
New Right
A sociological perspective, influenced by Charles Murray,…

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