Educations Glossary

  • Created by: Gracie
  • Created on: 08-04-13 19:06
Social Mobility
Change of position between social classes. eg. a person who moves from working to middle class would be upwardly mobile
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Equality of educational opportunity
The principle that all people should be provided with equal opportunities to succeed in education, regardless of sec, age, ethnic groups
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Streaming
Children are separated in different teaching groups based on their ability
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Meritocracy
People are rewarded on their talents and abilities rather than their social class background
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Material Deprivation
Lacking basic necessities due to poverty. eg, overcrowding houses depresses school performance
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Cultural deprivation
Inadequate socialisation in the home. eg, students not given the motivation to perform well
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Immediate Gratification
A preference for immediate pleasure or reward, without thinking of the long term concequences
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Deferred Gratification
Thinking of the future, working hard now for rewards later
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Cultural Capital
Desired knowledge, language and social skills which aid students success in school. Middle class parents pass this on through trips to the museum
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Economic Capital
Money or wealth which allows people to buy educational success.
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Hidden Curriculum
Things learnt at school that are not openly taught e.g obedience
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Formal Curriculum
Things learnt at school that are openly or formally taught. eg, national curriculum
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Label
Preconceived idea of a student that a teacher has based on past behaviour, social class, ethnicity. May lead to SFP
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Labelling
The process of attaching a preconceived idea of a student onto them, eg, troublemaker
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Stereotypical
Preconceived, often one sided and negative, idea about a person based on opinion
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Self-fulfilling Prophecy
Where students live up to predictions or labels given to them. eg, 'thick' student thinks they are thick
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Anti-school Subcultures
Set of attitudes and values that go against mainstream pro-school subcultures. eg, high value placed on truancy
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Marketisation
Process of opening up school to the free market by creating competition. eg, league tables
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Ethnocentric
Concerning only one cultural perspective, excluding all others. eg, only English history and English literature
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Primary Socialisation
The learning of norms and values within a family
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Secondary Socialisation
The learning of norms and values outside the family eg, schools
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Norms
Normal ways of behaving. eg, wearing clothes, respecting old people
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Values
Ideas or beliefs felt to be important eg, marriage could be a relationship value, good grade is educational value
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False Class-consciousness
Not been aware of your true class interests. eg, working class not aware they being exploited
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Correspondance Principle
Idea there is a strong relationship between the way schools and workplaces are run and organised. eg, both have heirarchies
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New Vocationalism
Educational policies that are concerned with imparting work based skills and qualifications
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Social Control
The process by which society gets people to conform or behave as they want them to. eg, detentions to stop lateness
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Card 2

Front

The principle that all people should be provided with equal opportunities to succeed in education, regardless of sec, age, ethnic groups

Back

Equality of educational opportunity

Card 3

Front

Children are separated in different teaching groups based on their ability

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

People are rewarded on their talents and abilities rather than their social class background

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Lacking basic necessities due to poverty. eg, overcrowding houses depresses school performance

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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