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Glossary
Unit 1
Phrase Definition
Cultural diversity describes a society which many different cultures
exist
Culture the way of life of a particular society or social group
Customs Tradition forms of behavior associated with particular
social occasions
Deviance Rule breaking behavior
Ethnocentrism The belief that one culture is "normal" and…

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Social integration A sense of belonging to society
Social order Patterns of shared and predictable behavior
Social solidarity A sense of community
Social structure An alternative term for the social organization of
society
Struturalist theory A theory that believes human behavior is influenced
by the organization of society
Value consensus…

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Beurocratic Based on rules and procedure
Consumption The use of goods and services, especially as part of
forming identity
Diversity Variety
Industrialization The transformation of societies from being
agricultural to industrial which took place in the 18th
and 19th centuries
Meta narratives The post modernist term for theories like Marxism…

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Underclass A subculture that exists outside mainstream culture,
supposedly characterized by welfare dependency,
criminal tendency and single parents
White collar workers People in the lower level of office work
Biologically determined Fixed by our physical make up
Canalization The channeling of children's interests into toys and
activities traditionally associated with…

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Hybrid identity A new form of identity resulting from a mixture of
two or more influences
Institutional racism Racism that is built into the "taken-for-granted"
everyday life of an organization
Islamophobia Fear or hatred of Islam
Rastafarianism A religion originating in Jamaica and associated with
reggae music
Second generalization The…

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