Ecologism keywords

  • Created by: Carysjjj
  • Created on: 10-03-16 17:23
A political ideology that gives priority to the promotion of ecological sustainability
Green politics
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A belief in the virtues of rural existence, in contrast to the allegedly corrupting influence of urban and industrialised life
Pastoralism
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A concern about the natural environment and reducing environmental degradation
Environmentalism
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A philosophy that gives moral priority to the achievement of human needs and ends
Humanism
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Study of the relationship between living organisms and the environment, it stresses the network of relationships that sustains all forms of life
Ecology
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The tendency of a system to maintain internal equilibrium
Homeostasis
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A theoretical orientation that gives priority to the maintenance of ecological balance rather than the achievement of human ends
Ecocentrism
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A belief that human needs and interests are of overriding moral and philosophical importance
Anthropocentrism
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A green ideological perspective that harnesses the lessons of ecology to human needs and ends, is associated with values such as sustainability and conservation
Shallow ecology
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A green ideological perspective that rejects anthropocentrism and gives priority to the maintenance of nature
Deep ecology
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The belief that scientific is the only value-free and objective means of establishing truth
Scientism
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A belief that the whole is more important than its parts, implies that understanding is gained by studying relationships among the parts
Holism
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The theory that the Earth is best understood as a living entity that acts to maintain its own existence
Gaia hypothesis
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A tendency towards decay or disintegration exhibited by all 'closed' systems
Entropy
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Theory that the 'global commons' will be subject to inevitable degradation because individuals etc. place self-interest before the collective good
Tragedy of the commons
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A reformist tendency in green politics that seeks to reconcile ecology with the key features of capitalist modernity
Modernist ecology
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A broad tendency in green politics that links ecological sustainability to radical social change, or the eco-anarchist principle that communities should be structured according to ecological principles
Social ecology
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Concern about the future, implying that actions in the present should be judged by their impact on future generations
Futurity
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The notion that each generation has a duty to protect and conserve the natural environment for the benefit of generations to come
Ecological stewardship
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Belief in the superiority of one species over others, through the denial of their moral significance
Speciesism
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The idea that a reliance on the capitalist market mechanism will deliver ecologically sustainable outcomes, usually linked to assumptions about capitalism's consumer responsiveness
Green capitalism
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The notion, based on the theory of competitive capitalism, that consumer choice is the determining factor in a market economy
Consumer sovereignty
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Principle that all organisms and entities in the biosphere are of equal moral worth, each being an expression of the goodness of nature
Biocentric equality
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Branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of existence
Metaphysics
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An 'inner' fulfilment achieved by transcending egoism and materialism
Self-actualization
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Belief that the territorial organisation of economic, social and political life should take into account the ecological integrity of bio-regions
Bioregionalism
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A belief in the virtues of rural existence, in contrast to the allegedly corrupting influence of urban and industrialised life

Back

Pastoralism

Card 3

Front

A concern about the natural environment and reducing environmental degradation

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

A philosophy that gives moral priority to the achievement of human needs and ends

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Study of the relationship between living organisms and the environment, it stresses the network of relationships that sustains all forms of life

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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