Socialism keywords

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  • Created by: Carysjjj
  • Created on: 07-03-16 16:22
An economic system in which wealth is owned by private individuals and goods are produced for exchange, according to the dictates of the market
Capitalism
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A belief in the unlimited possibilities of human development, embodied in the vision of a perfect society
Utopianism
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The principle of the common ownership of wealth
Communism
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A moderate or reformist brand of socialism that favours a balance between the market and the state rather than the abolition of capitalism
Social democracy
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A tendency exhibited by socialist parties to serve the interests of the organised labour movement rather than pursue broader ideological ideals
Labourism
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A theory or practice based on the desire to promote equality, sometimes seen as the belief that equality is the primary political value
Egalitarianism
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The abolition of private property and establishment of a system of common/public ownership, usually through the mechanisms of the state
Collectivisation
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A system of taxation in which the rich pay a higher proportion of their income in tax than the poor
Progressive taxation
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A form of socialism that seeks to abolish capitalism and replace it with a qualitively different kind of society
Fundamentalist socialism
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A form of socialism in which the state controls and directs economic life, acting in theory in the best interests of the people
State socialism
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A form of socialism that's revised its critique of capitalism and seeks to reconcile greater social justice with suriving capitalist forms
Revisionist socialism
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Progress brought about by gradual improvements, rather than dramatic upheaval
Gradualism
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A form of deradicalized communism most influential in the 1970s which attempted to blend Marxism with liberal-democratic principles
Eurocommunism
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The deterministic form of Marxism that dominated intellectual life in orthodox communist states
Dialectical materialism
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A Marxist theory that holds that material/economic conditions ultimately structure aspects of social existence
Historical materialism
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Process of development in which interaction between 2 opposing forces leadrs to a higher stage, it's historical change resulting from internal contradications within a society
Dialectic
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To be separated from one's genuine nature. Used by Marxists to describe the process whereby, under capitalism, labour is reduced to being a mere commodity
Alienation
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Marxist term denoting the value that's extracted from the labour of the proletariat by the mechanism of capitalist explitation
Surplus value
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Lenin's theoretical contributions to Marxism, his belief in the need for a 'vanguard' party to raise the proletariat to class consciousness
Leninism
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The Leninist principle of party organisation based on a balance betwen freedom of discussion and strict unity of action
Democratic centralism
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A centrally planned economy supported by systematic political oppression
Stalinism
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An updated and revised form of Marxism that rejects determinism, primacy of economics and privileged status of the proletariat
Neo-Marxism
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An ideological movement that sought to revitalise socialist thought by developing a radical critique of industrial society, stressing the need for decentralisation, participation and personal liberation
New left
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Philosophy that gives moral priority to the satisfaction of human needs and aspirations
Humanism
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A morally justifiable distribution of wealth, implying a commitment to greater equality
Social justice
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Theory that a governing class of managers-those who possess technical etc. skills- dominates both capitalist and communist societies
Managerialism
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The notion of an alternative form of economic to both state socialism and free-market capitalism, sought at different times by conservatives, socialists and fascists
Third way
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An economy in which knowledge is the key source of competitiveness and productivity, especially in the form of information and communication technology
Knowledge economy
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The acquisition of rights, skills and opportunities that enable citizens to participate fully in their society
Social inclusion
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A state whose principal role is pursue strategies for national prosperty in conditions of intensifying global competition
Competition state
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A belief in the unlimited possibilities of human development, embodied in the vision of a perfect society

Back

Utopianism

Card 3

Front

The principle of the common ownership of wealth

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

A moderate or reformist brand of socialism that favours a balance between the market and the state rather than the abolition of capitalism

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

A tendency exhibited by socialist parties to serve the interests of the organised labour movement rather than pursue broader ideological ideals

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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