Domestic and Foreign Divisions

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How many hard line non-conformists were identified in the 1676 Compton Census?
100,000
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How many actual non-conformists?
200,000-300,000
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How did the Anglicans react to these figures?
Overreacted and panicked that non-conformity was too widespread to be wiped out
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What role did women play in non-conformity?
Very important because they were the ones that taught children about how important their faith is
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How did restoration change the nature of non-conformity?
Radicals became much more passive judging their defeat as God's choice
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Why did dissent have limited appeal after the restoration?
Took a certain level of commitment, excluded the illiterate because of the focus of the bible, and sermons could last hours
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What did Miller (2000) say limited the extent of dissent?
The divisions between non-conformists, they all has separate groupings not big enough individual to make a difference e.g. Baptists, Quakers and Presbyterians
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What did Harris (2005) say about the failure of the restoration religious settlement?
Religious issues were rooted in political issues and vice versa
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What was the first Test Act 1673?
Imposition of oaths to exclude Catholics from public office
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How did parliament respond to Charles' agreement to the Test Act financially?
They granted over £1 million in 18 monthly assessments for Charles
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What was the biggest change to come about after the Test Act 1673?
James, Duke of York had to resign as Lord Hig Admiral and Clifford had to resign as Lord Treasurer
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How did the Dutch play on the Englush fears of absolutism and Catholicism?
William of Oranges Englush agent used pamphlets to provoke the fears of the Engkush people, in these pamphlets he linked together the relationship Charles had with France, absolutism and Catholicism
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What was the Second Test Act 1678?
To exclude Catholics from both Hoyses of Parliament, with a special exemption for James
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What were the terms of the Secret Treaty of London 1670?
Naval and military attack on the Dutch by England & France- parts of the Dutch Rep would be taken by the English and French (more than stated in the secret treaty) and the rest would be ruled by William of Orange
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Who knew about the Secret Treaty of London?
All of the CABAL and all of the privy council within the year of it's signing
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What were the additional terms of the Secret Treaty of Dover 1670?
France would provide 6,000 men and £15,000, France would pay Charles £225,000 a year & at some point in his life Charles had to declare himself catholic
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What was the Ohblic Treaty 1672?
Same as the Secret Treaty of London but open to all of the public
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What reason does Smith (1999) give for a Charles agreeing to the Secret Treaty of Dover?
He didn't have any intention of declaring himself Catholic but he wanted to out oressyre on the Dutch because of how they humiliated them in the Second Dutch War & was also enticed by the financial settlement, didn't have to rely on parl
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What other secret agreements did Charles and Louis decide on?
France promised to give Charles £112,000 if he kept parliament suspended- because Englush parliament was anti-French &
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Why was the Third Dutch War unpopular?
French were proving to be successful, people feared their strength, however the English troops were unsuccessful, threat of France's Catholicism and absolutism, Spain and the Holy Roman Empire entered the war against England
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Why was Charles forced to end the war?
Spain and the Holy Roman Empire entered the war against England, parliament refused to vote anymore money- Treaty of Westminster 1674
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What was Danby's pro-Dutch policy?
Marriage between James' Protestant daughter, Mary, and William of Orange and the Anglo-Dutch treaty
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How did Charles undermine Dnaby's pro-Dutch policy?
Maintained relations with France- made another secret agreement where he secured more money from France if her prorogued parliament and disbanded the 30,000 troops they gave him- Charles didn't disband the troops but did suspend parliament
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What does Spurr (2004) say about the relationship between France and England?
England was a client of France and France was terrified of England
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Why did the French and Dutch agreed to the Oeace of Nijmegen?
Neither of them trusted Charles
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many actual non-conformists?

Back

200,000-300,000

Card 3

Front

How did the Anglicans react to these figures?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What role did women play in non-conformity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did restoration change the nature of non-conformity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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