Diverse Places Key Words (from Hodder Education revision guide)

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DEMOGRAPHIC
Technical term for population total numbers and structure (age groups and male vs. females balance)
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RURAL-URBAN CONTINUUM
Gradual transition from highly urban places with high population densities to remote rural places with low densities
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GREENBELTS
Land surrounding cities that cannot be built on (usually farmland). Development sometimes 'leapfrogs' the greenbelt, benefiting places just beyond the greenbelt edge
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DYNAMIC POPULATION
Changing rather than static, can result form high fertility rates and/or high levels of migration
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ETHNICITY
Groups of people who share a common culture, ancestry, language and traditions (often religion)
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CULTURAL DIVERSITY
A measure of how many different ethnic and cultural groups live in an area
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CLUSTERING
Uneven distribution of population in an area, people with similar characteristics are found clustered together in one place
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IDENTITY
People's feelings and perceptions and their shared beliefs, traditions and ways of life
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SUBURBS
Areas of low-density, low-rise housing surrounding cities but attached to them so people can commute to work
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INNER-CITY AREAS
Surrounding the CBD of a city, in the UK they are often dominated by buildings from the Industrial Revolution, terraced housing in high density with little green space
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RURAL IDYLL
Perception that rural areas are peaceful, beautiful, relaxed and happy - ideal place to live. This is a perception - the reality may be very different
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RURAL PARADOX
The idea that some of the most desirable places to live in the countryside are also some of the least-well-served places e.g. healthcare and transport
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QUANTITATIVE DATA
Numerical data which has set values - measure of quantity
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NET MIGRATION
The balance of people arriving in and leaving an area in a year. More arrivals = positive net migration, more leavers = negative net migration
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POST-COLONIAL MIGRANTS
Arrived from ex colonies aka Commonwealth
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A8 MIGRANTS
Those from eight eastern European countries that joined the EU in 2004
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CULTURAL HYBRIDISATION
Happens when aspects of one culture are affected by another's, producing a new variant (food, fashion, music)
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GENTRIFIED
When wealthy people move into a low income, working-class area, leading to higher house prices
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SOCIAL CLEANSING
A particular section of a society being removed form an area - price out of an area due to rising housing costs
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WHITE FLIGHT
An existing white population leaves an area because an ethnic minority group begins to move in
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SOCIAL EXCLUSION
When people or whole communities feel marginalised and blocked from the opportunities wider society enjoys
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SOCIAL PROGRESS
How a community imports it QOL, health and welfare over time
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WARD
A Census area sub-division
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CULTURAL ASSIMILATION
A process whereby the culture of one group gradually begins to resemble that of another group. New immigrant groups slowly become more similar to the society they have moved in to. A two way process, UK groups can adapt to immigrant groups
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HATE CRIME
Motivated by the victims membership (or assumed membership) to a racial or religious group
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CRITERIA
Standards or measures people use to judge if something is a success or not
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LIVED EXPERIENCE
People's feelings about a place, what is important to them and what a place means to them. Strongly related to a place's traditions, community spirit and history
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Gradual transition from highly urban places with high population densities to remote rural places with low densities

Back

RURAL-URBAN CONTINUUM

Card 3

Front

Land surrounding cities that cannot be built on (usually farmland). Development sometimes 'leapfrogs' the greenbelt, benefiting places just beyond the greenbelt edge

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Changing rather than static, can result form high fertility rates and/or high levels of migration

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Groups of people who share a common culture, ancestry, language and traditions (often religion)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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