US constitution

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How many ammendments have there been to the constitution?
27.
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When was the last ammendment to the constitution?
1992 it was proposed in 1789.
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1st ammendment
Freedom of speech and religion
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2nd ammendment
Right to bear arms
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3rd ammendment
Adressess the rights of soldiers in war and peace time
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4th Ammendment
the right of people to not be searched or have their property seized without a warrant.
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5th Ammendment
Right to avoid self incrimination. extended under miranda rights which are read out at an arrest "You have the right to remain silent.."
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6th ammendment
right to a fair trial under an impartial judge.
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8th Ammendment
prohibits cruel and unusual punishment,
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10th ammendment
Epresses federalism, but dosen't use those words.
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13th Ammendment 1865
Abolished slavery
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19th ammendment 1920
Gave women the right to vote.
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25th Ammendment 1967
deals with vice-presidency succession to presidency, even if they are ill, covering for them.
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Article 1
sets out legislative branch. Congress = bicameral legislature. Senate and House of Representatives
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Article 2
Set out the Executive Branch. and how president can apoint people to jobs in exec branch.
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Article 3
establishes Judiciary. supreme court highest court of appeal.
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Article 5
Sets out how the constitution can be ammended. either Have 2/3 support in the house and senate. OR 2/3 of the states
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Checks and balances
the different branches scrutinise each other and have a balance of power so that no branch gets overpowerful
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Concurrent powers
Power that the government and state both have. e.g. setting taxes
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The Declaration of Independence
Written during war, set out the freedoms of the 13 colonies when they had independence.
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Dual Soverignty
What the government dosen't make laws on the state can. explains differences in states laws. e.g. death penalty.
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Enummerated powers
Powers belonging to the national government.
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Immpeachment
Process of getting rid of an official if they do something wrong. e.g. Nixon Watergate. Justices can be as well.
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Negative freedom
When people can have freedom as long as it is not at the expence of other peoples freedoms.
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New Federalism
give more power to the states than federal government. under Reagan and Clinton
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Reserved powers
Power that belong to the states.
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State of the Union
Annual speech by the president
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Philadelphia convention
Where the constitution was created.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was the last ammendment to the constitution?

Back

1992 it was proposed in 1789.

Card 3

Front

1st ammendment

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

2nd ammendment

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

3rd ammendment

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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