Constitution

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  • Constitution
    • How did the US Constitution come to be written?
      • April 1775 - War of Independence
      • 4th July 1776 - Declaration of Independence
      • March 1781 - Articles of Confederation
      • May 1787 - Philadelphia Convention
    • What are the key principles of the US Constitution?
      • Federalism
      • Constitutional Rights (Bill of Rights)
      • Separation of Powers
    • How do the checks and balances of the Constitution work?
      • Checks on Executive
        • By Congress: amend/delay/reject legislation, override pr. veto, power of purse, declare war, ratify treaties, confirm appointments, impeachment
        • Judicial Review
      • Checks on Legislature
        • By Executive: recommend legislation, veto legislation
        • Judicial Review
      • Checks on Judiciary
        • By Congress: impeachment, propose amendments
        • By executive: appoint judges, pardon
    • What is federalism and how has it changed?
      • Degree of decentralization which is suitable for such a large and diverse country
      • Phases of federalism - 'Dual federalism', 'cooperative federalism' and ''new federalism'
    • How is the constitution amended?
      • Proposition
        • Congress - 2/3 majority in both houses
        • National Constitutional Convention - called by at least 2/3 of states
      • Ratification
        • State legislatures - 3/4
        • State Constitutional Convention - 3/4
    • What are constitutional rights?
      • Set out in the Bill of Rights

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