The UK Constitution

HideShow resource information
what is a constitution?
a set of rules that seek to establish the powers of gov institutions, regulate the relationship between the institutions and define the relationship between state and individual
1 of 25
what are the principles of the constitution?
parliamentary sovereignty, the rule of law, parliamentary gov, constitutional monarchy and EU membership
2 of 25
what is parliamentary sovereignity?
sovereignty defines the location of supreme constitutional power
3 of 25
what power does the sovereign body hold?
has the ability to shape/reshape the constitutional and define the power of subordinate bodies and can make, amend or repeal any law
4 of 25
what is the rule of law?
has traditionally been seen as an alternative to a codified constitution, showing that, even in the absence of higher law, the gov is still subject to checks and constraints
5 of 25
what is the structure of the UK constitution?
based on a fusion of powers between the executive ad parliament
6 of 25
what is the role of the monarchy?
to promote popular allegiance, serve as a symbol of political unity above party politics
7 of 25
what is one of the implications that EU membership has for the UK constitution
the role and significance of power (can parliament still be seen as sovereign?)
8 of 25
what is the definition of sovereignity?
the principle of absolute and unlimited power, implying either supreme legal authority (legal sovereignty) or unchangeable political power (political sovereignity)
9 of 25
what is limited gov?
a form of gov in which gov power is subject to limitations and checks, providing protection for the individual
10 of 25
what are the 5 main features of the UK's constitution?
fusion of powers, flexible, uncodified, unitary and parliamentary sovereignty
11 of 25
what does an uncodified constitution mean?
a constitution that isn't confined to one single document, much of it may be written down but it is in a variety of documents
12 of 25
what does a codified constitution mean?
a constitution that is found in one single document, which outlines the structure of the constitution and the organisation of the state
13 of 25
what does a unitary constitution mean?
a constitution where ultimate power lies with a central body which is soverign (used in UK)
14 of 25
what does a federal constitution mean?
a constitution where legal sovereignty is shared between gov at the centre and the constituent states (used in US)
15 of 25
what does the 'fusion of powers' mean?`
where the executive branch and legislative branch of gov intermingle
16 of 25
what is an example of 'fusion of powers'?
Theresa May is both a member of the legislative branch (MP for Maidenhead) and the executive branch (PM)
17 of 25
what is a flexible constitution?
a type of constitution where changes can take place without a lengthy special procedure (eg Parliament can simply pass another act of Parliament)
18 of 25
what is a rigid constitution?
a type of constitution where changes can only take place as a result of a special constitutional amendment procedure (this occurs in Rep of Ireland)
19 of 25
what are the 3 sources of proposed bills?
gov/executive bills, private member's bills and emergency bills
20 of 25
what is an example of a gov proposed bill?
EU (withdrawal) Bill, 2017
21 of 25
what is an example of a private member's bill?
Homelessness Reduction Act, 2017 introduced by Bob Blackman (tory)
22 of 25
what is an example of an emergency bill?
Emergency Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Bill, 2014
23 of 25
what is an example of a successful private members bill?
Mike Wood's (tory) Riot Compensation Act 2016 in response to London riots
24 of 25
what is Ronald Reagen's famous quote on limited gov?
"Man is not free unless government is limited."
25 of 25

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what are the principles of the constitution?

Back

parliamentary sovereignty, the rule of law, parliamentary gov, constitutional monarchy and EU membership

Card 3

Front

what is parliamentary sovereignity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what power does the sovereign body hold?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what is the rule of law?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all The British constitution resources »