1. A pattern of victimisation highlights how 25% of people are crime victims, but risks are unevenly distributed between social groups. Who are the least likely to be at risk?
- The wealthier groups
- The poorer groups
- The elderly
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2. Reduction prevents future crime through 3 methods. Which of the following is not one of these methods?
3. Durkheim's 2 types of justice are:
- Retributive & Restitutive
- Radical & Returning
- Reformative & Restitutive
- Extreme & Internal
4. Positivist victimologists aim to identify what?
- Factors that produce victimisation patterns
- The way in which people commit crimes
- How the powerful victimise the powerless
- All of the mentioned points
5. Which of the following is not a criticism of SCP?
- Clarke: rational choice theory exists.
- It ignores causes of crime (poverty or poor socialisation), so hard to develop long-term crime reduction strategies.
- It focuses on opportunistic petty crimes, ignores costly & harmful white collar, corporate and state crimes.
- Chaiken et al: Designing out NY roberries didn't happen, it merely displaced them.
- Assumes rational choice calculation happens, yet some crimes are impulsive.
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