Conservatism- ideas

Pragmatism thinkers
Edmund Burke (traditional, 1729-97), Michael Oakeshott (1901-90).
1 of 20
What is pragmatism
Rejects theory and ideology in favour of political practice, leads to stability and cohesion.
2 of 20
Pragmatic approach to society
Should be flexible, with decisions made on the basis of what works.
3 of 20
Oakeshott -pragmatism
'to be a Conservative is to prefer the tried to the untried'
4 of 20
Strands linked to prgamatism
Traditional and one-nation conservatism.
5 of 20
Edmund Burke -pragmatism
Traditional- facilitates 'natural' change, because a state 'without the means of some change is without the means of its conservation'.
6 of 20
Traditional view on pragmatism
Only pragmatic policy can preserve key features of society, e.g: order, property, tradition.
7 of 20
Weakened view of tradition (religious roots)
Enlightenment thinking from 18th century and innovations.
8 of 20
Tradition thinkers
Edmund Burke and G.K Chesterton
9 of 20
Edmund Burke and G.K Chesterton ideas
Past practices and customs have value as have proved 'fit for purpose', e.g. monachy promotes unity and national pride: 2011 royal wedding.
10 of 20
Human Imperfection
Pessimistic view of human nature, flawed: psychologically, morally and intellectually.
11 of 20
Organic society or state
True freedom- willing acceptance of the value of social obligation and ties.
12 of 20
Society of self-interested and self-sufficient individuals, also increasingly social breakdown.
13 of 20
Paternalism -thinkers
Burke and Disraeli
14 of 20
Disraeli (1804-81)
Coningsby and Sybil- warned of two nations: rich and poor
15 of 20
Supported by (paternalism)
'middle way' -Macmillan "private enterprise without selfishness".
16 of 20
Opposed by (paternalism)
Neo-liberals with free-market economics and individualism.
17 of 20
Primary role of state is to protect individuals rights.
18 of 20
Libertarianism ideas and thinkers
Adam Smith- economic liberalism; Burke free-trade.
19 of 20
Modern form of libertarianism
New Right- Thatcher and Reagan, opposing Keynesian management and welfare programmes.
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2


What is pragmatism


Rejects theory and ideology in favour of political practice, leads to stability and cohesion.

Card 3


Pragmatic approach to society


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Oakeshott -pragmatism


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Strands linked to prgamatism


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all Conservatism resources »