Components of Fitness

  • Created by: Army37
  • Created on: 24-10-18 10:50
Physical Fitness: aerobic endurance
definition: the ability of the cardiorespiratory system to work efficiently, supplying nutrients and oxygen to working muscles during sustained physical activity.
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Physical Fitness: muscular endurance
definition: the ability of the muscular system to work efficiently, where a muscle can continue contracting over a period of time against a light to moderate fixed resistance load.
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Physical Fitness: flexibility
definition: having an adequate range of motion in all joints of the body; the ability to move a joint fluidly through its complete range of movement.
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Physical Fitness: speed
definition: distance divided by the time taken. Speed is measured in metres per second (m/s). The faster an athlete runs over a given distance, the greater their speed
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Physical Fitness: muscular strength
definition: the maximum force (in kg or N) that can be generated by a muscle or muscle group.
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Physical Fitness: body composition
definition: the relative ratio of fat mass to fat-free mass (vital organs, muscle, bone) in the body.
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Skill-Related Fitness: agility
definition: the ability of a sports performer to quickly and precisely move or change direction without losing balance or time.
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Skill-Related Fitness: balance
definition: the ability to maintain centre of mass over a base of support
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Skill-Related Fitness: coordination
definition: the smooth flow of movement needed to perform a motor task efficiently and accurately.
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Skill-Related Fitness: power
o definition: the product of strength and speed (expressed as the work done in a unit of time).
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Skill-Related Fitness: reaction time
definition: the time taken for a sports performer to respond to a stimulus and the initiation of their response.
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Why fitness components are important for successful participation in given sports?
1. To successfully meet the physical demands of the sport to achieve optimal performance. 2. To successfully meet the skill-related demands of sport to achieve optimal performance. 3. Being able to perform efficiently. 4. Consider sport/position
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

definition: the ability of the muscular system to work efficiently, where a muscle can continue contracting over a period of time against a light to moderate fixed resistance load.

Back

Physical Fitness: muscular endurance

Card 3

Front

definition: having an adequate range of motion in all joints of the body; the ability to move a joint fluidly through its complete range of movement.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

definition: distance divided by the time taken. Speed is measured in metres per second (m/s). The faster an athlete runs over a given distance, the greater their speed

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

definition: the maximum force (in kg or N) that can be generated by a muscle or muscle group.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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