Cognitive vs Behaviourism

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Piaget Cognitive Theory
Words are usually acquired after concepts have been grasped. Use environment and social interactions, links developments to understanding concepts and the words meaning
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Skinner -Behaviourism
Children imitate and copy adults and develop language by being rewarded or punished
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Criticism of Behaviourism -
There are structer and rules to language which need working out e.g. virtuous errors and over extension drinked and drank
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2.
Children go through similar stages in development
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3.
Children aren't always able to repeat what an adults says - they need to understand why the adult is saying something the way they are
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4.
Parents rarely correct or praise grammar- they focus on the truth element - Brown, Cazden and Bellugi
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5.
Ego Centric speech is evidence of children working things out for themselves
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6.
There is a critical period in language of about 7 years old and children will never fully catch up after this
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7.
Most of the time positive reinforcement is only useful if it helps the child with their understadnig ofwhat they have said
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8.
A large basis for the theory comes from experiments on animals which can't be used to account for all of human behaviour
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9.
Doesn't explain language development at all how do you explain language change or new words
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Arguments against cognitivism
New topic
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It becomes harder to find clear links between language and intellect after 18 months
After this time they begin to understand the existence of things they haven't seen and therefore will be able to understand and accept new words because they have a better understanding of them
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Syntax does not appear to rely on general intellectual growth
you need to understand the words to form a grammatically correct sentence, parents don't usually correct childrens grammar
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Children who can speak fluently with abnormal mental development
children need to be taught at a level for which they are devlopmentally preapre
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Eve Clark
spatial adjectives are acquired at a later stage because children can't grasp their meaning
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Darwinism
Skinner contradicts his connection to darwinism because the consequences of operant behavior are more for sensory gratification than the survival of the species
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Darwinism point two
Darwin also believes that humans are constantly improving themselves to increase self control e.g. liberty which skinner doesn't believe exists
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Children imitate and copy adults and develop language by being rewarded or punished

Back

Skinner -Behaviourism

Card 3

Front

There are structer and rules to language which need working out e.g. virtuous errors and over extension drinked and drank

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Children go through similar stages in development

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Children aren't always able to repeat what an adults says - they need to understand why the adult is saying something the way they are

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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