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Language Acquisition (Speaking)

Theorists:

Nativist:

Nativist perspective argues that humans are biologically programmed to gain knowledge.
Chomsky:
o Language Acquisition Device (LAD) children have a built in special place in
the brain where language is genetically programmed

Behaviourist:

Behaviourists argue that language is learnt interaction and operant/classical conditioning. The
main…

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Cognitive:

Cognitive theories go hand in hand with Social Interactionist theories as they see how adult
input helps children's understanding:
Piaget:
o Development Stages Of Children's Linguistic Development
Sensorimotor (Up To 2):
Child Experiences The Physical World
Object Permanence Develops ­ The Concept That Objects
Exist When Out Of Sight…

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o It tested the ­s plural to see if children could form the plural `wugs'
o ¾ of the 45 year olds formed the regular plural `wugs'

Brown:
o Length of utterance theory considered to be the most effective way of
measuring a child length of utterance
o


Burko and…

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Apple/fruit
o Analogical
Ball/fruit
o Mismatch statements
Duck/pond

Sociodramatic play:
o Involves both social and dramatic skill with rules and real life behaviour
o Children can practise social interactions and negotiation skills

Over generalisations/ virtuous errors:
o `I runned' grammatical mistakes

Positive and Negative Reinforcement:
o Positive:
When behaviour is…

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Consonant Cluster Reduction:
o Reducing words down to smaller units
`pider' for `spider'
Deletion of Unstressed Syllables:
o Omitting opening syllable
`nana' for `banana'

Word Classes:

Nouns and Pronouns:
Nouns ­ names of objects, feelings, attitudes, people or places
o Abstract ­ refers to feelings, something you cant touch
o…

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o `Ouch! wow! yuck! oh!'
o `What a flop that's amazing'

Sentence Types:
Minor doesn't include the necessary subject or verb
Simple ­ only has one main clause
Compound sentences ­ two or more main clause
Complex ­ sentence has a subordinate clause which doesn't make sense on its own…

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Twoword
Telegraphic
Post telegraphic
(Link to context)

Section 1: Identify CDS
CDS strategies:
Talk slower
Longer gaps between sentences
Repetition
Simple sentences
One word utterances
Absence of pronouns
Absence of past tenses
Questions and commands
Fewer verbs, modifiers, adjectives
Use of concrete nouns
Use of recasting ­ where the child's…

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Dore ­ language functions Table of function (labelling, repeating
answering)
Halliday

Section 5: Grammar
Overextension/under extension
No responding to corrections
Making up new names for things
Forming utterances they've never heard
o Theorists:
Chomsky
Pinker ­ supports innateness theory ­ have innate ability to figure
out how language works LAD…

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Theorists:

Bruner
o Language Acquisition Support System (LASS)
o Parentchild interactions with books
Gaining attention: getting the babies attention on a picture
Query: asking the baby what the object in the picture is
Label: telling the baby what the object in the picture is
Feedback: responding to the babies utterance…

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Approaches to Learning to Read:

The two main approaches to teaching phonics are analytic and synthetic:

Analytic phonics Synthetic phonics
Children learn: Children learn:
to break down whole words into to remember up to 44 phonemes and their
phonemes and graphemes, looking for related graphemes (one phoneme can be
phonetic…

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