Cognitive Psy

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Define 'Information processing'.
The processing by which information is taken in by the senses, anaylsed and responded to.
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Define 'Memory'.
The processes by which we store and retrieve information.
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Define 'Forgetting'.
Not being able to retrieve an event or fact from our memory.
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Define and give an example of what is meant by a 'Natural experiment'.
An experiment with an experimental design that attempt to measure naturally ocurring cause and effect relationships, also known as quasi-experiments. An example of one is testing the effects of gender on students exam performance.
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Define and describe what is meant by a 'Lab experiment'.
A laboratory experiment involves the manipulation of an IV and the observsation this has on the DV. They are conducted in closed and heavily controlled enviroments.
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Define and describe what is meant by a 'Feild experiment'.
A feild experiment is conducted in a natural enviroment. They attempt to measure cause and effect relationships in particpants in natural surroundings.
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Define 'Independent variable'.
The variable that we change during experiments.
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Define 'Dependent variable'.
The variable that we measure during experiments.
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Define what is meant by an 'Experimental hypothesis'.
The experiemental hypothesis states the difference you expect to find between your conditions. Example - 'More words will be recalled after being analysed for meaning rather than appearance or sound'.
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Define what is meant by a 'Directional hypothesis'.
This is a hypothesis which is entirely clear about what should happen in an experiment.
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Define what is meant by a 'Non-directional hypothesis'.
This hypothesis is used when an experimenter is less sure on what the results will be of the experiment.
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Define what is meant by 'Repeated measures'.
When all particpants in the experiment take part in EVERY condition.
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Define what is meant by 'Independent measures designs'.
When particpants of an experimented are allocated randomly different conditions.
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Define what is meant by 'Matched pairs'.
When an experimenter uses two or more groups (one for each condition) and for every participant in one group there is one from another group matched for all relevant varaibles.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The processes by which we store and retrieve information.

Back

Define 'Memory'.

Card 3

Front

Not being able to retrieve an event or fact from our memory.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

An experiment with an experimental design that attempt to measure naturally ocurring cause and effect relationships, also known as quasi-experiments. An example of one is testing the effects of gender on students exam performance.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A laboratory experiment involves the manipulation of an IV and the observsation this has on the DV. They are conducted in closed and heavily controlled enviroments.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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