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PSY 1 - APPROACHES IN PSYCHOLOGY

PREPARATION & REVISION

The aim of this handbook is to help you prepare and revise for the unit
named PSY1 in your A Level course in Psychology. It is not intended to
take the place of your class work nor of the full textbook…

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PSY 1 - WHAT YOU NEED TO STUDY

In this unit, we will be studying four major approaches in Psychology:

1) The BIOLOGICAL approach
2) The BEHAVIOURIST approach
3) The PSYCHODYNAMIC approach
4) The COGNITIVE approach

You will learn how to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the ASSUMPTIONS
of each…

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Outline the main assumptions of each approach.
Describe how each approach can be applied in one form of therapy.
Describe how each approach can be applied to one theory.
Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of each approach.
Compare and contrast the four approaches in terms of similarities and/or
differences.




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UNDERSTANDING HOW THE QUESTIONS
ARE STRUCTURED and HOW TO ANSWER THEM

There are three kinds of questions in the examination, and the first word
or words of each question make it clear what is required in your answer.
The questions are

1. Outline/Describe the main assumptions of the ...approach. (12)…

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THE BEHAVIOURIST APPROACH
ASSUMPTIONS
An examination essential

Outline the main assumptions of the behaviourist approach.

The behaviourist approach assumes that all behaviour, both normal and abnormal, is learned
through the processes of classical and operant conditioning. In other words, we learn by
interacting with the world around us, especially by…

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THE BEHAVIOURIST APPROACH
STRENGTHS & WEAKNESSES
An examination essential

Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the behaviourist approach.

One of the main strengths of the behaviourist approach is that it focuses only on behaviour
that can be observed and manipulated. Therefore, this approach has proved very useful in
experiments under…

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A BEHAVIOURIST THERAPY
An examination essential

Describe how the behaviourist approach has been applied in one form
of therapy in psychology.

SYSTEMATIC DESENSITISATION

According to classical conditioning theory, a phobia is an automatic reflex acquired as a
response to a nondangerous stimulus. For example, Little Albert (Watson & Rayner,
1920)…

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A BEHAVIOURIST THERAPY
AVERSION THERAPY
An examination essential

Describe how the behaviourist approach has been applied in one form
of therapy in psychology, e.g. Aversion Therapy

Aversion therapy is a form of psychological therapy that uses conditioning procedures to
break the association between undesirable behaviour and a pleasant sensation. The…

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