Booklet and worksheet on Stress

this booklet outlines the whole of stress in great detail with various activities in between each block of information

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Stress Learning Objectives
On completion of this topic you should be familiar with the following.
Stress as a bodily response
· Outline the body's response to stress including the sympathomedullary pathway (SAM), and the
hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis (HPA).
· Evaluate the physiological response to stress.
· Critically consider the relationship between stress and physical illness, in particular the effect of stress on
the immune system.
Stress in everyday life
· Identify and analyse sources of stress, including life changes, daily hassles, and workplace stress.
· Discuss the personality factors that modify the effects of stress, including Type A behaviour.
· Distinguish between emotion-focused and problem-focused approaches to coping with stress.
· Critically consider psychological and physiological methods of stress management, including Cognitive
Behavioural Therapy and drugs.
Cross-reference the above learning objectives with the Specification and fill in the self-assessment box below on
completion of the topic.
Which of the above do you know?
Are there any gaps in your knowledge that need to be targeted during revision?

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The Body's Response to Stressors
For details refer to your textbook
Definition of stress
Imagine that you are experiencing a stressful situation, e.g., making a speech in front of a large audience,
taking a driving test, or sitting an examination.…read more

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HPA) axis (SAM) axis
p____________ __________
(the master gland of the
endocrine system), which
_______ to be
released, which acts
on the
The h____________ activates the
s__________ b_______
of the ANS, which causes the
a________ m__________ to
release a_____________ and
a_________ c_______,
which releases
Now add onto the diagram the effects of 1) the immediate `fight or flight' response due to arousal of the
sympathetic branch of the ANS (the sympathomedullary axis), e.g., faster breathing and pulse, etc.…read more

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In Selye's experiments stress was inflicted on rats, either by injecting them with hormones or chemicals, making surgical
incisions or exposing them to extreme temperatures.…read more

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Stage 1
stage 2…read more

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Stage 3
Sympatho-adrenomedullary pathway (SAM)…read more

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Draw an arrow to join together, in the right order:
Adrenal medulla
Increased heart rate
Muscle tension…read more

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Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA)
Draw an arrow to join together, in the right order:
Releases stored glucose
Stops bruising
Suppresses immune system
Hypothalamus…read more

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Pituitary gland
The immune system
Complete the following paragraph by filing in the gaps (textbook book p 153)
The immune system is
foreign agents. It is an __________________________
_______________________________________________ throughout the body that functions to
invading particles. Any agent that _____________________is called an_______________ . Familiar
_______________are bacteria, ______________ ________________(such
as_________________________. Sometimes, particles that are
____________________________________________ cause an overreaction of the immune
system, and this is the basis of _______________ .…read more


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