Topic 12: Cognitive Development Definitions (PS111, test 2)

  • Created by: Chookie
  • Created on: 27-02-17 12:49
What are Basic cognitive resources?
The basic thinking machinery of the brain (e.g. working memory capacity). It is a concept from the IPA
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What is centred thinking?
The symbolic thought that focuses on one aspect of a thing. (e.g height of water in a glass)
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Who came up with centred thinking?
Piaget
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What is the conversation task?
A test of children's ability to conserve (understand that the amount of stuff only changes if you add some or take some away)
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Who came up with the conversation task?
Piaget
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What is domain?
An aspect of human knowledge or skill (reading)
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What is Domain-General learning?
Learning that improves all aspects of human know-ledge and skill at the same time.
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What is Domain-Specific learning?
Learning that improves a specific aspect of human knowledge or skill.
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What is the third stage of Piaget's four stages?
Concrete operational Stage
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What is the fourth stage of Piaget's four stages?
Formal operational stage
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What is the first stage of Piaget's four stages?
Sensorimotor Stage
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What is the second stage of Piaget's four stages?
Preoperational Stage
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What what happens in the Concrete operational Stage?
Children can use operations, but can only make new operations through direct experience
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What happens in the Sensorimotor Stage?
Infants only remember through Sensorimoter learning
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What happens in the Formal operational stage?
Children can make new operations just by thinking about them
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What happens in the Preoperational Stage?
Children can learn through symbolic thought but their thinking is centred
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What does IPA stand for?
Information Processing Approach
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What is the Information Processing Approach (IPA)?
An approach to development which recognises that the mind is a machine which improves itself
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Who came up with Inner speech?
Vygotsky
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In Vygotsky's theory what is inner speech?
Language that has become internalized (after been first social and then private).
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What does Memory strategy come from?
The IPA
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What is memory strategy?
Thinking or behaviour which improves memory
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Where does Metacogntion come from?
The IPA
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Where does operation come from?
Piaget's theory
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What is Metacogntion?
Knowledge that we have about how our own thinking works
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What is Operation?
The idea that thinking is decentred
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What is Piaget's theory of cognitive development?
A domain-general theory of development in which a child builds their own understanding of the world
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Where is a Psychological tool featured?
In Vygotsky's theory
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What is a Psychological tool?
A cognitive skill used to aid social learning
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What is Sensorimotor learning?
When you learn directly through action on the world
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What is Stage theory?
A theory of development in which performance improves in jumps rather than gradually.
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Where does Symbolic thought come from?
Piaget's theory
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What is symbolic thought?
That the idea of a thing is separate from your sensorimotor experience of it
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Who cam up with the Three Mountains task?
Piaget
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What is the three mountains task?
A test of the children's ability to understand that the world looks different from someone else's perspective
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What is Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development?
A domain-general theory of development in which a child develops skills by working with others
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Where does the Zone of Proximal Development come from?
Vygotsky
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What is the zone of proximal development?
The understanding that a child can only achieve with the help of others
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Card 2

Front

What is centred thinking?

Back

The symbolic thought that focuses on one aspect of a thing. (e.g height of water in a glass)

Card 3

Front

Who came up with centred thinking?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the conversation task?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who came up with the conversation task?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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