Cognition

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  • Created by: Shannon
  • Created on: 12-01-15 21:01
Metacognition
Flavell et al. (2000) said "think of nothing!" 5yrs thought this was possible, 8yrs not possible.
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Explicit cognition
explicit shows development progression.
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Implicit Cognition
Operant conditioning, as no awareness is necessary. Rovee-Collier (1999) baby had ribbon tied to ankle so whenever she kicked leg, the mobile moved-habituation. Infants' memory before verbal communication. Declarative&procedural memory distinction.
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Metamemory
Children don't often come up with mnemonics to improve memory and have to be taught these strategies. Memory performance increases with knowledge of subject.
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Theory of Memory
Concept of people have ideas different from our own. Repacholi &Gopnik (1997) found 18mths can realise their desires are different to others'.
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False belief testing
Children learn to know that people can hold a belief that isn't representative of reality and their behaviour is guided by this. e.g. anne takes ball out of Sally's basket and puts it in her box, where will sally find it? 3yrs fail 4/5 pass.
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Shared Attention Mechanism (SAM)
9-18mths: Notice other people's attention
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Theory of Mind Mechanism (ToMM)
18-48mths: start to discriminate intentions, beliefs and desires.
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ToM and autism
Mindblindness (Simon Baron-Cohen, 1995) as they Lack ToM and SAM or late developing it, as they don't pass false belief task as early as most children and find it difficult to imitate and attribute mental states to others (Steele et al., 2003)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

explicit shows development progression.

Back

Explicit cognition

Card 3

Front

Operant conditioning, as no awareness is necessary. Rovee-Collier (1999) baby had ribbon tied to ankle so whenever she kicked leg, the mobile moved-habituation. Infants' memory before verbal communication. Declarative&procedural memory distinction.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Children don't often come up with mnemonics to improve memory and have to be taught these strategies. Memory performance increases with knowledge of subject.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Concept of people have ideas different from our own. Repacholi &Gopnik (1997) found 18mths can realise their desires are different to others'.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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